Cold war - 13: Confrontation in the Vietnam war

  • Created by: Madisonxo
  • Created on: 23-04-19 20:39
When did LBJ become president?
November 1963
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LBJ's policies in Vietnam?
To achieve a quick victory in Vietnam without the need to commit the US
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When was the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution + what was it?
After US naval ship was attacked by N Vietnamese forces in the Gulf of Tonkin , on 7th Aug 1964 Congress agreed to allow LBJ to do whatever action he felt in Vietnam without consulting Congress.
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By the end of 1964, why had the situation escalated ?
China = supply N Vietnam, USSR = links to NLF, N Vietnamese forces moved S along the Ho Chi Minh trail, Vietcong strengthened their position, anti-American feeling among Vietnamese, S Vietnamese forces = low morale.
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When was Operation Rolling Thunder?
Feb 1965 - Bombing campaign. Start of Americanisation.
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N Vietnamese 4 point proposal?
March 1965: US troops must withdraw from V (accordance w/Geneva), Neither N or S should enter into military alliance w/foreign powers, S Vietnam's internal affairs should be settled by S. Vietnamese (no external interference), both zones agreeReunify
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LBJ reaction to 4 point proposal?
Rejected: believed that accepting it would result in a unified communist Vietnam, ordered more troops into Vietnam.
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The USA's strengths?
Modern equipment, helicopters. 2 main tactics: Bombing and Search and Destroy
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USA: Bombing
Operation Rolling Thunder: Aim was to destroy N Vietnam's economy + undermine Vietcong forces in the South. Operation Ranch Hand: Agent orange and Agent blue +napalm - to destroy jungle and crops (chemicals) but killed peasants too.
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USA: Search and Destroy
Aim to find and destroy the enemy in the jungle + rural villages, US forces arrived + raided villages suspected of harbouring Vietcong (alienated rural peasants). Success was measured in the body count.
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The USA's weaknesses?
S Vietnamese was not v committed to the struggle, anti-war movement in USA, alienated Vietnamese, climate + territory
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N Vietnam's strengths? (NLF)
Determination of troops, knew the territory. Main tactics: Peasant support, guerilla tactics, Ho Chi Minh trail.
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NLF: Peasant support
Guiding principles to the NLF: do not destroy crops, always keep your word, show peasants respect, support the peasants.
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NLF: Guerilla tactics
Complex tunnels to hide Vietcong troops, booby traps
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NLF: Ho Chi Minh trail
Passed through Cambodia + Laos into S Vietnam, supply line.
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NLF's weaknesses?
Degree of dependency upon China + USSR. The North's economy could not sustain a war.
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When was the Tet Offensive?
Jan-Feb 1968
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What was the Tet Offensive?
During the traditional holiday period the Vietcong launched military attacks against US targets.
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Impact of Tet Offensive?
For the Vietcong, defeat (thousands killed). The US also perceived it as a failure- questioned success of containment.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

LBJ's policies in Vietnam?

Back

To achieve a quick victory in Vietnam without the need to commit the US

Card 3

Front

When was the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution + what was it?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

By the end of 1964, why had the situation escalated ?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When was Operation Rolling Thunder?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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