Cognitive Interview

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  • Created by: Kay
  • Created on: 17-10-13 10:13
who creted cognitive interview and when did they do this?
Fisher and Geiselman, 1992.
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why is cognitive interview used by the police?
It is used to enhance retrieval of information from the witnesses memory.
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What is the first technique of cognitive interview?
The interviewer tries to mentally reinstate the environmental and personal context of the crime for the witnesses, perhaps by asking them about their general activities and feelings on the day.
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what is the second technique of cognitive interview?
Witnesses are asked to report the incident from different perspective, describing what they think other witnesses (or even the criminals themselves) might have seen.
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what is the third technique of cognitive interview?
Recounting the incident in a different narrative order. Geiselman & Fisher proposed that due to the recency effect, people tend to recall more recent events more clearly than others. Witnesses should be encouraged to work backwards.
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what is the fourth technique of cognitive interview?
Witnesses are asked to report every detail, even if they think that detail is trivial. In this way, apparently unimportant detail might act as a trigger for key information about the event.
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what was the aim of Geiselman et al, 1985?
Geiselman (1985) set out to investigate the effectiveness of the cognitive interview.
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what method did Geiselman use?
Participants saw a film of a violent crime. After 48 hours, were interviewed by a policeman using one of three methods: the cognitive interview; a standard interview; or an interview using hypnosis. Number of facts and errors were recorded.
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What were Geiselman's findings?
The average number of correctly recalled facts for the cognitive interview was 41.2, for hypnosis it was 38.0 and for the standard interview it was 29.4.
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what was the conclusion of Geiselmans study?
The cognitive interview leads to better memory for events, with witnesses able to recall more relevant information compared with a traditional interview method.
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why is cognitive interview used by the police?

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It is used to enhance retrieval of information from the witnesses memory.

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What is the first technique of cognitive interview?

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what is the second technique of cognitive interview?

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what is the third technique of cognitive interview?

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