Cognitive Explanation of Depression

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Cognitive Triad
say people have depression because they have negative views of self, of the world and of the future (think things will never improve)
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Cognitive Errors
say people have depression because they think of the worst people conclusions to every situation and see everything in a negative light which is called faulty thought patterns. interprets things negatively: downward spiral of negativity.
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Schemata (not including self schemata)
interpret future situations based on your schemata that comes from your experiences of the world. so, lots of negative experiences means that you will have a negative schema. e.g. motivational schemata: hopelessness.
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Self schemata
interpretation of the way others view you based on past experiences e.g. your mother called you nasty names when you were younger so think everyone is doing the same behind your back
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STRENGTH: applicability
applicability to the creation of CBT which is a widely popular treatment
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STRENGTH: ingram
...found that people with depression also had harmful childhood experiences which supports the idea of schemata
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STRENGTH: CBT
after treatment, their negative thoughts seem to have disappeared which suggests that in the absence of depression there is none and acts as supporting evidence of this theory
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WEAKNESS: Dykeman
found that depressed people didn't have a distorted view of their own abilities and so this goes against the theory element of cognitive bias
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WEAKNESS: reductionist
overly simplified the complexities of depression and ignores the work done that suggests it is linked to the brain
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WEAKNESS: cause and effect
hard to establish whether negative thoughts cause depression or depression causes negative thoughts which questions the theory completely
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Card 2

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Cognitive Errors

Back

say people have depression because they think of the worst people conclusions to every situation and see everything in a negative light which is called faulty thought patterns. interprets things negatively: downward spiral of negativity.

Card 3

Front

Schemata (not including self schemata)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Self schemata

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

STRENGTH: applicability

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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