cognitive explanation for a phobia

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who gave a cognitive explanation for phobias
DiNardo
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what methodology was used?
quasi- experiment,
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what was the design
independent design for patients with and without diagnoses of GAD, they were not allocated to groups
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describe the procedure
patients interviewed twice to assess reliability. 2 different structured interviews. 5 point rating scale for symptoms, sweating, difficulty sleeping and excessive worry.
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what 2 structured interviews were used
anxiety disorders interview schedule, structured clinical interview for DSM
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what symptom was analysed
excessive worry, the frequency was analysed and % of the day for which each patient said they displayed this symptom
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what were the findings
significantly more patients with GAD reported excessive worry than non patients. GAD - 59.1% of the day, 41.7 for non GAD patients
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what conclusions were drawn
excessive worry indicates faulty thinking that is most prominent in GAD patients without GAD cant be diagnosed
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what methodology was used?

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quasi- experiment,

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what was the design

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describe the procedure

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what 2 structured interviews were used

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