Cognitive Development

HideShow resource information
What does Cognitive Development mean?
Age related changes.
1 of 35
What does invariant stages mean?
The same stages in a fixed order.
2 of 35
What does universal stages mean?
The development of thinking in children is the same for every culture in the whole world.
3 of 35
Who did the core theory?
Piaget
4 of 35
Give the 4 stages.
1. Sensori-motor stage. 2. Pre-operational stage. 3. Concrete operational stage. 4. Formal operational stage.
5 of 35
What is the main point in the sensori-motor stage? Give the definition. Ages?
Object permanence is developed - looks for an when it is out of sight - 0-2 years.
6 of 35
What is the main point in the pre-operational stage? Give the definition. Ages?
Ego-centrism - They cannot see the world from other peoples' perspectives, it disappears that the end of this stage - mountain test. Ages 2-7 years.
7 of 35
What is the main point in the concrete operational stage? Give the definition. Ages?
They can conserve - knowing the object appears changed when really it hasn't. Volume of water test. 7-11 years.
8 of 35
What are the main points in the formal operational stage? What did Piaget calls them at this stage? Ages?
They can solve abstract problems - working out in your own head and develops hypothetical thinking. He called them Little Scientists. Ages 11+ years.
9 of 35
Give a criticism.
Says it is universal, not true, lacks validity - reductionist.
10 of 35
Give another criticism.
The study is rigid, says it is invariant, not true, lack validity - reductionist.
11 of 35
Give a final criticism.
Some people don't go into formal operational stage due to special needs - not generlisable.
12 of 35
Who did the alternative theory?
Vygotsky.
13 of 35
Is this nature or nurture?
Nurture
14 of 35
Where does it suggest that development of thinking takes place with children?
Their culture.
15 of 35
What does the culture teach?
How to think.
16 of 35
What did Vygotsky think they were?
Little Apprentices
17 of 35
What is Zone of Proximal Development?
The gap between where the child is and where they can achieve to being. (scaffolding - support framework)
18 of 35
What does Vygotsky say about development of individual scales?
Development happen at individual places so there are no set stages.
19 of 35
Who did the core study?
Piaget
20 of 35
What was it called?
Conservation of Number
21 of 35
What was the aim?
To investigate if children can conserve from pre-operational stage to the concrete operational stage.
22 of 35
Who where the participants?
Children ages: 2 -11 years.
23 of 35
What was the sample?
Cross-sectional study.
24 of 35
What was the method?
Lab experiment.
25 of 35
What was the procedure?
The children where asked at one time, if there are the same number of counters in the 2 rows. Then, Piaget moved one of the row of counters to look like there is more than the other row. He asked the same question - same with volume of water.
26 of 35
What happened the same for each child asked?
They could see that Piaget had conserved in front of them.
27 of 35
Give a criticism.
It is unethical because he observed his children - reductionist.
28 of 35
Give another criticism.
He wanted the answer he thought was right - experimenter bias.
29 of 35
Give a final criticism.
It was in a lab experiment, so the task was in an artificial environment and the experimenter was a stranger - lack ecological validity.
30 of 35
What is the applications called?
Education?
31 of 35
What did Piaget think? 3 things.
Readiness, discovery learning and peer support.
32 of 35
Describe readiness.
Children learn when they are ready to learn.
33 of 35
Describe discovery learning.
They are Little Scientists so they can learn for themselves.
34 of 35
Describe peer support.
To get another child to help, group working.
35 of 35

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What does invariant stages mean?

Back

The same stages in a fixed order.

Card 3

Front

What does universal stages mean?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who did the core theory?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Give the 4 stages.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Cognitive Development resources »