Cognitive behavioural theory - Depression

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Amy
  • Created on: 10-06-13 20:45
what does Seligman's learned helplessness theory ignore?
cognitions (thoughts)
1 of 11
who revised the learned helplessness theory to the hopelessness theory?
Abramson
2 of 11
people who attribute failure to what causes are more likely to be depressed?
internal, stable, global
3 of 11
people who attribute failure to what causes are less likely to be depressed?
external, unstable, specific
4 of 11
why is this?
the former attributional style leads people to the conclusion that they can't change things for the better
5 of 11
explain internal, stable and global
internal: blame self, stable: can't change, global: apply to life
6 of 11
explain external, unstable and specific:
external: outside of control, unstable: won't stay the same, specific: apply to one scenario
7 of 11
what did Seligman find in students?
students who adopted the internal, stable and global attributional style were more likely to be depressed if they failed an exam compared with those with the opposite style of external, unstable and specific
8 of 11
what did Kinderman and Bentall find with questionnaires?
questionnaires assessed people's attributional style can predict their future susceptibility to depression
9 of 11
what did Gotlib and Colby find?
people who were formerly depressed are actually no different from people who have never been depressed in terms of their tendencies to view negative events with an attitude of helpless resignation
10 of 11
what does this suggest?
helplessness is a symptom rather than a cause of depression; or negative thinking generally is an effect of depression
11 of 11

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

who revised the learned helplessness theory to the hopelessness theory?

Back

Abramson

Card 3

Front

people who attribute failure to what causes are more likely to be depressed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

people who attribute failure to what causes are less likely to be depressed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

why is this?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Cognitive Psychology resources »