Cognitive studies

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  • Created by: evr
  • Created on: 23-04-18 15:09
Rotter
Supports personality as a reason for obedience and supports locus of control.
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KF
Case study opposing MSM. Shows that short term memory has separate stores.
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HM
Case study supporting MSM as there is no transfer between STM and LTM.
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Miller
Supports MSM and shows STM capactity to be 2-9 items and is improved with chunking.
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Sperling
Supports MSM and shows the SR duration to be 0.5 seconds, unless echoic, then 2-3 seconds.
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Steyvers and Hemmer
Supports episodic and sematic memory and schema theory. Prior knowledge contributes to recall.
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Sebastian and Hernandez-Gil
Supports MSM and dementia doesn't affect digit span.
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Dickerson and Eichenbaum
Supports types of LTM. Writes about MTL and hippocampus.
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Vicari
Little girl case study supporting types of LTM. No episodic memory but had semantic.
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Linton
Supports MSM. Diary with 11,000 events, 70% accuracy so LTM has unlimited capacity.
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Murdock
Supports MSM with serial position curve so STM and LTM are separate stores. Recency and primancy effect.
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Peterson and Peterson
Supports MSM, used trigrams. STM duration is 20 seconds.
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Conrad
Supports MSM and STM is encoded acoustically.
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Schmolck
Supports store for LTM. Used HM and other case studies.
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Bower
Supports semantic LTM. In categories, pts recalled 73 words, when random, recalled 21.
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Baddeley
Supports WMM and found episodic buffer. Dual process (driving) and STM econdes acoustically, but LTM encodes semantically.
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Tulving
Supports types of LTM, 3/6 pts showed brain difference for semantic and episodic (radioactive gold).
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Clive Wearing
Case study supports types of LTM as procedual memory intact, but not episodic.
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Loftus and Palmer
Supports reconstructive memory. Car crashes: 'smashed' was 40.8mph, 'contacted' was 31.8mph.
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Bartlett
Supports reconstructive memory and schema theory (War of the Ghosts).
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Logie
Supports WMM. Visual cache and inner scribe are separate as left hemisphere is visual and right is spatial.
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Allport and Postman
Supports schema theory and reconstructive memory (1947 black/white man).
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Bahrick
Supports MSM, LTM has potentiall unlimited duration (Spanish vocab).
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Case study opposing MSM. Shows that short term memory has separate stores.

Back

KF

Card 3

Front

Case study supporting MSM as there is no transfer between STM and LTM.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Supports MSM and shows STM capactity to be 2-9 items and is improved with chunking.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Supports MSM and shows the SR duration to be 0.5 seconds, unless echoic, then 2-3 seconds.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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