Cognitive intro

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Cognitive Psychology, Neuropsychology, Neuroscience, Computational Modelling
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Hippocrates
Thoughts, ideas, feelings come from brain
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Plato
Brain home of mental processing
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Aristotle
Heart source of thinking and brain is radiator that cools heart
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Roman's
make dissection illegal
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Galen
Brain damaged gladiators and vivisections of pigs- imagination, reason and memory are ventricles in brain
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Gall
Phrenology- brain has 27 individual organs- vary in function
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Anatomy Act
Can dissect donated bodies
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Broca
Broca's aphasia- non-fluent, poor syntax, slow, good comprehension
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Wernicke
Wernicke's aphasia- fast, fluent, no understanding, no meaning
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Patient HM
STM okay, LTM not
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Patient KF
LTM okay, STM not
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Maguire et al
Taxi drivers
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Wundt
Introspection
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Donders
Decision time= Choice task RT- Simple task RT
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Watson
Behaviourism- people blank slates
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Watson and Rayner
Little Albert
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Aversion theory
Used in therapy to create negative association
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Antabuse Theory
Pill- alcoholism
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Skinner
Pigeons reading, playing ping pong, guiding missiles
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Ayllon and Azrin
Token Economy
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Skinner language
Learned through imitation and reward
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Chomsky
Kids say things that are incorrect or they've never heard
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Neisser
Cognitive psychology- stricter conditions needed experimentally
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Golgi and Ramon y Cajal
Brain made up of neurones
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Broadmann
52 areas differing in cellular structure
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Miller and Gazzaniga
Coin phrase 'Cognitive neuropsychology
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Stimulation methods
Brain stimulated to create virtual lesion
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Recording methods
Brain recorded in terms of neuronal activity or blood flow
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Stimulation method example
Transcranial magnetic stimulation- coil placed close to head and electric impulse goes through for 1ms- disrupt area
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Recording method example
fMRI- oxygen carried via haemoglobin- when neurone consumes oxygen, haemoglobin is de-oxygenated- deoxyhaemoglobin has paramagnetic properties that can be detected
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Card 2

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Hippocrates

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Thoughts, ideas, feelings come from brain

Card 3

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Plato

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Card 4

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Aristotle

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Card 5

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Roman's

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