Cognitive Explanations of Mood Disorder - Dysfunctional Thinking - Types of negative thinking

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Arbitrary Inference
Drawing negative conclusions about oneself with insufficient/no evidence E.G it rained on my birthday so i must be useless
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Selective Perception
Focusing on negative aspects of a situation and ignoring positive ones E.G My team won, but I let two goals in
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Overgeneralisation
Believing that one negative event means everything is negative E.G I am a complete failure because I failed a class test
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Magnification and Minimalisation
Tending to magnify failure and minimise success E.G I am hideous and ugly because I have a spot or have only passed the test because it was easy
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Absolutist Thinking
Believing everything must be perfect for a positive outcome E.G I got an A* in GCSE but only an A in French so i am a failure
5 of 5

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Focusing on negative aspects of a situation and ignoring positive ones E.G My team won, but I let two goals in

Back

Selective Perception

Card 3

Front

Believing that one negative event means everything is negative E.G I am a complete failure because I failed a class test

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Tending to magnify failure and minimise success E.G I am hideous and ugly because I have a spot or have only passed the test because it was easy

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Believing everything must be perfect for a positive outcome E.G I got an A* in GCSE but only an A in French so i am a failure

Back

Preview of the back of card 5

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