Cognitive Approach

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Information processing
The way we extract, store and retrieve information.
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Schemas
A cognitive framework. Allow us to make 'short cuts' when interpretating information and fill the gaps. Leads to the development of stereotypes.
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Information processing approach
Uses computer analogies. Encoding -> Storage -> Retrieval
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Evaluation: Strengths
Applied to many areas. - Helps explain psychological disorders in terms of faulty cognitions. - It is scientific.
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Evaluation: Limitations
Computers don't make mistakes, ignore information or forget. - Emotion and motivation are ignored. - Tell us the how but not the why. - Lack ecological validity.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A cognitive framework. Allow us to make 'short cuts' when interpretating information and fill the gaps. Leads to the development of stereotypes.

Back

Schemas

Card 3

Front

Uses computer analogies. Encoding -> Storage -> Retrieval

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Applied to many areas. - Helps explain psychological disorders in terms of faulty cognitions. - It is scientific.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Computers don't make mistakes, ignore information or forget. - Emotion and motivation are ignored. - Tell us the how but not the why. - Lack ecological validity.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5

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