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  • Created by: abbie01xo
  • Created on: 08-05-18 15:33
where in the brain is episodic memory linked to?
hippocampus and prefrontal lobes
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where in the brain is semantic memory linked to?
temporal lobe
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what is episodic memory also known as
mental diary
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what is semantic memory also known as
mental encylopedia
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strenghts of episodic and semantic memory
evidence from brain scans, irish et al from dementia patients, case study of HM
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weaknesses of episodic and semantic memory
case studies cant be generalised, ignores relationship between two types of memory, difficult to measure asmay be using other memory aswell
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what is the aim of sebastian and hernandez gils study
investigate whether the phonological loop capacity increases with age and compare to adults, elderly and dementia patients
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how many participants were used in sebastians study
570
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results of sebastians study
5yr old- 3.76, 6 yr old- 4.16, 17 yr old- 5.91
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what was the digit span of the alzheimers patients
4.20
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conclusion of sebastians study
spanish was about 1 digit lower than english because of the difference in word length, also phonological loop is affected by age but not so much by dementia
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strengths of sebastians study
reliable (compared), high internal validity, large sample
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weaknesses of sebastians study
sample unrepresentative, lacks ecological validity,
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what is reconstructive memory
the theory that memories are not exact copies of what is encoded and stored, but are affected by prior experience and prior knowledge in the form of schemas.
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what is a schema
a plan that is built upon experiences of everyday life. Schemas therefore affect how we process information.
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what is rationalisation
making something make sense
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what is confabulation
making up bits to fill in a memory so that it makes sense
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strenghts of reconstructive memrory
bartlett and loftus, applications (eye witness testimonies),reliable
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weaknesses of reconstructive memory
ungeneralisable to real life, Schemas are used when we are learning information not just for reconstructing memories.,Steyvers & Hemmer (2012) found that schematic recall can be very accurate in the right context.
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strenghts of using case studies of brain damaged patients
avoids ethical issue of invasive investigation, uses neuroimaging techniques (objective, credible)
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weaknesses of using case studies of brain damaged patients
damage to brain may not be the only factor, smaller sites of brain damage may not be detected, not generalisable
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where in the brain is semantic memory linked to?

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temporal lobe

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what is episodic memory also known as

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what is semantic memory also known as

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strenghts of episodic and semantic memory

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