Cognition - Thinking Patterns, Yochelson and Samenow

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Aim
to understand the make-up of criminal personality.
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Participants
255 male offenders - psychiatric ward - NGRI - only 30 completed programme
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Method
Longitudinal study, over 14 years. Freudian therapy used to identify rot cause of criminal personality.
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Results
52 different thinking errors, categorised into 3 main categories: Crime related thinking errors; Automatic thinking errors – lack of empathy; Criminal thinking patterns – need for power and control. Only 9/30 made significant progress
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Conclusion
Criminal personality is made up of 52 thinking patterns, which are considered t be errors in thinking. Also, Freudian therapy is ineffective in treating criminal personality
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Background
The assumption is that criminals think in a different way to normal citizens. According to this approach, criminal behaviour is a product of faulty thinking. They have errors and biases in the way they think - they have distinctive thinking patterns
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Cornish and Clark
state that criminal behaviour is the result of a rational thinking process - criminals have reasoned and thought about their crimes prior to committing them, often making a cost-benefit analysis
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Participants

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255 male offenders - psychiatric ward - NGRI - only 30 completed programme

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Method

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Results

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Conclusion

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