Cognition - Social Cognition, Byers

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Aim
to investigate attribution bias in offenders who had committed hate crime against Amish
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Participants
8 offenders who had committed hate crimes against the Amish (claping)
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Procedure
the participants were interviewed and provided 16 hours of audio taped narrative describing acts of claping they had committed against the Amish. The data was transcribed and analysed.
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Findings
the key attributions were: Denial of responsibility (11%) - Denial of injury (32%) - Denial of victim (24%) - Higher loyalties (18%)
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Conclusion
offenders tend to make external attributions for their behaviour and they are aware of how others will see their behaviour, hence they use neutralisation techniques to deny their actions as harmful or wrong
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Social Cognition
refers to the way we think about our actions. It looks at how people perceive and think about social situations. In this case, it’s the way criminals think about their criminal acts. It examines the attributions made by the offender
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Internal Attribution
when a person attributes the cause of their behaviour within themselves
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External Attribution
when a person attributes the cause of behaviour to an environmental/social factor, such as peer pressure.
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Dodge
argues that violence comes from Hostile Attributional Bias. Ambiguous actions, like accidently standing on a person’s foot, are interpreted as threatening and require retaliation.
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Participants

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8 offenders who had committed hate crimes against the Amish (claping)

Card 3

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Procedure

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Card 4

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Findings

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Card 5

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Conclusion

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