Coasts Keywords

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What is the definition of FETCH?
The distance of open water over which the wind can blow.
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What is the definition of BEACH?
Deposits of sand or shingle at the coast.
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What is the definition of CREST?
The top of the wave.
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What is the definition of SWASH?
The forward movement of a wave up a beach.
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What is the definition of BACKWASH?
The backwards movement of water down the beach when a wave has broken.
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What is the definition of CONSTRUCTIVE WAVES?
A wave with a strong swash and a weak backwash, which builds up the beach.
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What is the definition of DESTRUCTIVE WAVES?
A wave with a weak swash and a strong backwash, which causes the beach to erode.
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What is the definition of HYDRAULIC POWER?
Sheer power of the waves that causes a cliff to erode.
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What is the definition of ABRASION/CORRASION?
Rocks being flung at a cliff face causing a cliff to erode leaving a sandpaper like surface.
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What is the definition of SOLUTION (erosion)?
The dissolving of rocks such as Limestone and chalk into acidic water causing them to erode.
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What is the definition of ATTRITION?
The knocking together of pebbles, making them gradually smaller and smoother.
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What is the definition of TRACTION?
Transportation of heavy particles that roll along the seabed.
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What is the definition of SOLUTION (transportation)?
The transport of dissolved chemicals.
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What is the definition of SALTATION?
A hopping movement of pebbles along the seabed.
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What is the definition of SUSPENSION?
Lighter particles carried within the water.
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What is the definition of LONGSHORE DRIFT?
The transport of sediment along a stretch of coastline caused by waves approaching the beach at an angle.
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What is the definition of HEADLAND?
A piece of land that juts out into the sea because it is resistant to erosion.
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What is the definition of BAY?
A piece of the coast that has eroded inland which often has a beach. This is due to the type of rock being easily eroded.
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What is the definition of WAVE-CUT PLATFORM?
A wide, gentle sloping rocky surface at the foot of a cliff.
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What is the definition of WAVE-CUT NOTCH?
A small dent that is cut into the cliff due to wave erosion.
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What is the definition of CAVE?
A hollowed-out feature at the base of an eroding cliff.
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What is the definition of ARCH?
A headland that has been eroded through to the other side.
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What is the definition of STACK?
A long, thin piece of rock that stands alone in the sea.
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What is the definition of SPIT?
New land made of sand or shingle, jutting out into the sea from the coast. Attached to the mainland at one end.
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What is the definition of SALT MARSH?
Low-lying coastal wetland.
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What is the definition of BAR?
A spit that has grown across a bay, joining two headlands.
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What is the definition of HARD ENGINEERING?
Building artifical structures that try to control the water such as sea walls
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What is the definition of SOFT ENGINEERING?
A sustainable approach to managing the coast without using artifical structures.
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What is the definition of MANAGED RETREAT?
Allowing controlled flooding of low-lying area where the value of land is low.
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What is the definition of PIONEER PLANT?
The first plant species to grow in an area, which is well adapted to living in a harsh environment.
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What is the definition of VEGETATION SUCCESSION?
A sequence of plant species that colonise an environment.
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What is the definition of TOMBOLOS?
A stretch of beach material that connects a island to the mainland.
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What is the definition of SAND DUNE?
A small hill of sand found at the top of a beach.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Deposits of sand or shingle at the coast.

Back

What is the definition of BEACH?

Card 3

Front

The top of the wave.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The forward movement of a wave up a beach.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The backwards movement of water down the beach when a wave has broken.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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