Coastal zone- definitions

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Weathering
The break up or decay of rocks in their original place at or close to the earth's surface
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Mechanical weathering
A process where physical forced break down or reduce rock into smaller fragments
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Scree
Deposits of rock fragments found at the foot of rock outcrops
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Chemical Weathering
The process where chemical reactions change or destroy minerals when rock comes into contact with water and/or air
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Biological Weathering
Weathering caused by living things such as tree roots or burrowing animals
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Freeze-thaw Weathering
Weathering involving repeated cycle of freezing and thawing
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Pores
Holes in rock
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Exfoliation
Flaking of the outer surface of rocks mainly caused by repeated cycles of hot and cold
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Solution
Dissolving of rocks or minerals by rainwater. This is a means of transportation as well as an erosion process
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Carbonation
Weathering of limestone and chalk by acidic rainwater
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Fetch
The distance of open water which the wind has blown a wave.
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Prevailing wind
The direction the wind blows most often
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Shoreline Management Plan (SMP)
An integrated coastal management plan for a stretch of coastline in England and Wales
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Hard Engineering
Building artificial structures such as sea walls aimed at controlling natural processes
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Soft Engineering
A sustainable approach to managing the coast without using artificial structure.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A process where physical forced break down or reduce rock into smaller fragments

Back

Mechanical weathering

Card 3

Front

Deposits of rock fragments found at the foot of rock outcrops

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The process where chemical reactions change or destroy minerals when rock comes into contact with water and/or air

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Weathering caused by living things such as tree roots or burrowing animals

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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