Coastal Environments - Key Words on Erosion & Weathering

Flashcards to help you memorise those key words for your exam. Remember - key words = marks!

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Prevailing Wind
The dominant wind in an area
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Crest
Top of a wave
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Swash
Movement of waves UP a beach. Opposite of backwash.
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Backwash
Movement of waves DOWN a beach. Opposite of swash.
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Subaerial Processes
Any process that affects the face and top of a cliff.
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Erosion (marine)
The wearing away of rocks through the action of the sea.
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Weathering
The wearing away of rocks from the action of the weather and plants.
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Landform
A physical feature created by erosion and weathering.
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Headland
Land jutting out into the sea.
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Longshore Drift
The movement of waves at an angle to the beach.
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Sediment
Material that is eroded by the sea or the weather.
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Abrasion
The action of rocks on the cliff face.
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Attrition
The action of rocks on other rocks.
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Hydraulic Action
The sheer force of waves eroding the cliff.
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Corrosion/Solution
Minerals in cliff are eroded by chemicals in sea/rain water.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Top of a wave

Back

Crest

Card 3

Front

Movement of waves UP a beach. Opposite of backwash.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Movement of waves DOWN a beach. Opposite of swash.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Any process that affects the face and top of a cliff.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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