Clinical Psychology

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  • Created by: llas7078
  • Created on: 16-10-15 07:30
Vulnerability Stress model (Diathesis stress model)
Integrates different factors, assumes mental health problems result from a biological or psychosocial vulnerability together with a stressful life event.
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1. Biological vulnerabilities 2. Psychological vulnerabilities 3. Stressors 4. Protective factors
1. Genetic predisposition 2. Childhood experiences (abuse) 3. Breakups, getting fired 4. Support from others
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DSM - 5 Advantages
1. Sense of relief - people realise they're not the only ones 2. Guides research/approaches that work with people 3. Helpful for allocating mental health resources 4. Aids communication between professionals
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DSM - 5 Disadvantages
1. People meet criteria for multiple problems 2. May reduce hope in recovery for clients 3. Categorical approach 4. Problems with reliability between clinicians and validity (prognosis).
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Possible causes of mental health problems
1. Poverty 2. Genetic disposition 3. Biopsychosocial 4. Brain differences
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The Adverse Childhood Experiences Study (ACE)
- 10 item ACE survey: abuse, neglect, household dysfunction - Individuals ACE score reflects total number of adverse experiences endorsed - As ACE score increases so too does risk for alcohol abuse, depression, liver disease, suicide attempts
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Major Depressive Disorder - DSM criteria
Five or more of the following symptoms have been present during the same 2-week period and represent a change from previous functioning (at least one bold)
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Bold symptoms
1.Depressed modd 2. Marked diminished interest or pleasure in all, or almost all, activities
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3 and 4
3. Significant weight loss/gain or decrease/increase in appetite 4. Insomnia or hypersomnia
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5 and 6
5. Psychomotor agitation (fidgeting) or retardation (not moving) 6. Fatigue or loss of energy
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7 , 8 and 9
7. Feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt 8. Diminished ability to think or concentrate, or indecisiveness 9. Recurrent thoughts of death, suicidal ideation without a plan or a suicide attempt, specific plan for suicide
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Becks cognitive model of depression (1+2)
1. Depression arises from activation of negative core beliefs about self, world (other people) and future 2. Core beliefs = Developed as young, regarded as truths, not always activated
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Becks cognitive model of depression (3+4)
3. People who grow up in an un-validating environment = negative core beliefs 4. Core beliefs may be dormant for a long time but could become activate in the context of some sort of trigger
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

1. Genetic predisposition 2. Childhood experiences (abuse) 3. Breakups, getting fired 4. Support from others

Back

1. Biological vulnerabilities 2. Psychological vulnerabilities 3. Stressors 4. Protective factors

Card 3

Front

1. Sense of relief - people realise they're not the only ones 2. Guides research/approaches that work with people 3. Helpful for allocating mental health resources 4. Aids communication between professionals

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

1. People meet criteria for multiple problems 2. May reduce hope in recovery for clients 3. Categorical approach 4. Problems with reliability between clinicians and validity (prognosis).

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

1. Poverty 2. Genetic disposition 3. Biopsychosocial 4. Brain differences

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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