Clement Attlee Government

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What two welfare acts were introduced by the war-time coalition?
Butler Education Act (1944) and Family Allowances Act (1945)
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What group opposed the introduction of the NHS?
British Medical Association (BMA)
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What three major industries were nationalised in 1946?
Bank of England, Civil Aviation and Cable and Wireless
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By the late 1940s, what percentage of GDP was spent on defence?
14%
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What was the name of the committee created in 1941 for post-war reconstruction?
Interdepartment Committee
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What happened to the cost of maintaining overseas military commitments between 1938 and 1946?
It quintupled
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How much did Europe receive from the Marshall Plan and what percentage did Britain get?
$15 billion; 10%
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At what age did people receive pensions?
60 for women and 65 for men
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How many regional boards were there for hospitals?
14
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The Town and Country Planning Act (1947) was responsible for building how many homes?
600,000
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What replaced the Poor Law?
National Assistance Act (1947)
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What was enforced to ensure the nationalisation of Iron and Steel?
Parliamentary Reform Act (1949)
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Who negotiated the Marshall Plan for Britain?
Ernest Bevin
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Who introduced the 50% prescription and glasses fee, and when?
Hugh Gaitskell in 1950
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How high was the balance of payments deficit (crisis) in 1945-6?
£750 million
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How long did the unemployment benefit last?
13 weeks
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What were William Beveridge's 5 giants?
Squalor, Want, Disease, Ignorance, Idleness
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What was the budget for the 1948 London Olympics?
£730,000
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What percentage of doctors opposed the NHS in 1948?
80%
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When was the Industrial Injuries Act introduced?
1946
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Who was responsible for the NHS?
Anuerin Bevan
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What did Churchill claim Labour would need to enforce their policy?
A gestapo
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The second part of Maternity Benefit was a payment to working mothers for how long?
13 weeks
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How much was the pension?
Singles got 25 shillings and Couples got 42 shillings
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Who provided vaccinations and ambulance services?
Local authorities
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What kind of hospitals remained independent?
Teaching hospitals
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What fraction of housing was destroyed during the war?
One third
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The national debt rose from £500 million in 1939 to what in 1945?
£3,500 billion
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When was the severe winter resulting in poor harvest and coal shortages?
1946-7
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What was the political implication of the Marshall Plan?
Tied Britain to America in Cold War allegiance
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What group opposed the introduction of the NHS?

Back

British Medical Association (BMA)

Card 3

Front

What three major industries were nationalised in 1946?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

By the late 1940s, what percentage of GDP was spent on defence?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the name of the committee created in 1941 for post-war reconstruction?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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