Classification of Seizures

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  • Created by: Popstar
  • Created on: 24-03-14 14:19
Generalised seizures
Involves the whole brain and includes TONIC-CLONIC and ABSENCE seizures. Often leads to unconsciousness.
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Focal Seizures
Partial seizures. Localised to focus, degree of consciousness varies, lasts a few mins, may involve involuntary muscle contractions (motor cortex) and abnormal sensory experiences (sensory cortex). Can lead to generalised seizure.
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Simple
No loss of consciousness.
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Complex
Some loss of unconsciouness.
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Tonic-Clonic
"Grand Mal". Two phase seizure. Tonic - 1st min - loss of consciousness, rigidity, stop breathing, defaecation/urination. Clonic - several more mins - severe synchronous muscle spasms (STATUS EPILEPTICUS)
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Absence
"Petit mal". Less duration than T-C, greater frequency. Blank staring and unresponsiveness of short duration. Common in children.Widespread excitation.
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Status Epilepticus
Potentially life threatening. Continuous, uninterrupted seizures requiring emergency treatment.
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Myoclonic
Rare. Brief spasmodic contraction of muscles, resulting in jerky movement.
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Card 2

Front

Partial seizures. Localised to focus, degree of consciousness varies, lasts a few mins, may involve involuntary muscle contractions (motor cortex) and abnormal sensory experiences (sensory cortex). Can lead to generalised seizure.

Back

Focal Seizures

Card 3

Front

No loss of consciousness.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Some loss of unconsciouness.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

"Grand Mal". Two phase seizure. Tonic - 1st min - loss of consciousness, rigidity, stop breathing, defaecation/urination. Clonic - several more mins - severe synchronous muscle spasms (STATUS EPILEPTICUS)

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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