Classification and diagnosis of depression

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Abw97
  • Created on: 27-01-16 22:22
Define depression
Classified using DSM-IV classification system. It is classed as a mood disorder, which effect a persons emotional state.
1 of 15
Define reliability.
Consistency of measures and results over different occasions.
2 of 15
What is the difference between inter-rater reliability and test retest reliability?
IRR = Whether 2 separate assessors give the same diagnosis. TRR = Whether tests used to give diagnosis are consistent over time.
3 of 15
What did Lobberstael et al find about IRR? (AO1)
Clinical structured interviews for major depression patients and non patients. = moderate agreement --> IRR coefficient = .66
4 of 15
What did Keller find about reliability? (AO2)
IRR = 'fair to good' ... TRR = 'fair at best'
5 of 15
What did Zanarini find about reliability? (AO2)
Correlation. IRR = .80 TRR=.61
6 of 15
What did Keller say were the reasons for low reliability? (AO2)
5 out 9 symptoms were needed. If there was a disagreement on one symptom, can cause faulty diagnosis.
7 of 15
Define Validity.
Extent that the classification system measures what it is supposed to measure.
8 of 15
How is validity linked to reliability?
If a diagnosis is not valid, it cant be reliable.
9 of 15
Define Comorbidity. (AO1)
When 2 different conditions co-occur. Research = anxiety is the biggest risk factor for depression.
10 of 15
What has comorbidity shown to have a negative effect on? (AO2)
Social functioning and responses to treatments.
11 of 15
What did Goodwin find about Validity? (AO2)
Patients with major depression were 5x higher to have suicidal thoughts than non depressed. When comorbid with a panic disorder, the ratio is 3x this.
12 of 15
Define content validity. (AO1)
Whether items in a test are representative of what is being measured.
13 of 15
Why is the BDI considered to be high in content validity?
It was created from a consensus of mental health clinicians.
14 of 15
What did Van Weel-Baugarten say about GP's? (AO2)
Diagnosis made by GP's was based on background knowledge of their patients. = low validity, it doesnt represent something which is real. It is subjective, effecting objectivity.
15 of 15

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Define reliability.

Back

Consistency of measures and results over different occasions.

Card 3

Front

What is the difference between inter-rater reliability and test retest reliability?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Lobberstael et al find about IRR? (AO1)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did Keller find about reliability? (AO2)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Depression resources »