classification

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what are the five kingdoms?
animalia, plantae, fungi, protoctista, prokaryotes
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which kingdoms have multicellular organisms?
animal, plant, fungi
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which kingdoms have organisms with a cell wall?
plant, fungi
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which kingdom has organisms that feed on heterophically?
animal
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what does saphrophytic mean?
fungi
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which kingdom has organisms that contain chlorophyll?
plant
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what are classified as non living and are not in the kingdoms?
virus
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what is the main characteristic of the phylum chordata?
a supporting rod running the length of the body
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what are the 3 ways organisms can absorb oxygen?
skin, gills, lungs
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how can vertebrates be classified according to thermoregulation?
homoeotherm and poikilotherms
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what is the definition of a species?
species as orgasms that produce fertile offspring
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apart from naming, give another use of binomial classification?
to identify, study and conserve species, can can be used to target conservation efforts
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name 2 extreme enviroments
deep-sea hydrothermal vents, polar regions
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name 2 types of variation
continuous, discontinuous
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name 2 reasons for variation within species
genes, species
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what evidence can be used to support Darwin's theory of evolution?
DNA research and the emergence of resistant organisms support Darwin theory
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what is inside the nucleus?
chromosomes
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what are alleles?
alternative forms of genes
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what does dominant mean?
a stronger allele that masks the effect of the weaker, recessive allele
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what does recessive mean?
a weaker allele that will only be expressed as a characteristic if the dominant allele is not present
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what does homozygous mean?
the same alleles for a gene
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what does heterozygous mean?
different alleles for the same gene
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what is your phenotype?
the expression of a particular trait
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what is your genotype?
the set of alleles that determine a characteristic
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Card 2

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which kingdoms have multicellular organisms?

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animal, plant, fungi

Card 3

Front

which kingdoms have organisms with a cell wall?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

which kingdom has organisms that feed on heterophically?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what does saphrophytic mean?

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