Classic Liberalism

  • Created by: AshyBoy
  • Created on: 01-08-18 16:41
When did Classic Liberalism come about?
The Victorian Age
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What is Negative Freedom?
Freedom means the ability to do what you want without restraint as long as it doesn't interfere with the freedom of others. (A part of Thatcherism)
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What is Atomism?
Humans are egotistical and rational. If you leave them alone they will prosper. Society is made up of individuals not a collective society.
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Who invented Utilitarianism, what is it and what is a flaw of it?
Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) - It means that the best thing for society is "the greatest happiness of the greatest number" - (Flaw - This could lead to the suppression of the minority / individual)
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What do they believe about the role of the state?
The state should be a 'night watchman'. Belief in the minimal state. The state should be as small as possible and should not interfere in the free market or hinder personal liberties.
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___ rights are ___
Individual - natural
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What is Laissez-Faire capitalism?
The free market should be unregulated.
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What do they believe in regard to the welfare state?
They reject the welfare state as it destroys wealth (through too much taxation). This is influenced by 'Social Darwinism' i.e. inequality is natural.
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Do Classic Liberals completely reject the state?
No (unlike Anarchists), they believe that the state is necessary to protect us from each other.
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What are their views on democracy?
They are suspicious of it due to it potentially leading to mob rule and the suppression of the minority. Equality and freedom are contradictory.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is Negative Freedom?

Back

Freedom means the ability to do what you want without restraint as long as it doesn't interfere with the freedom of others. (A part of Thatcherism)

Card 3

Front

What is Atomism?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who invented Utilitarianism, what is it and what is a flaw of it?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What do they believe about the role of the state?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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