Class differences in achievement (external factors)

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  • Created by: syeda
  • Created on: 29-03-13 18:09
Language
Basil Bernstein identifies differences between working class and middle class language that influence achievement. he distinguishes between two types pf codes:
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The restricted code is the speech code typically used by working class. it has limited vocab and is based on the use of short, often unfinished, grammatically simple sentences.
Speech is predictable and may involves only a single word,or even Just a gesture instead. The restricted code is context bound (speaker assumes the listener shares the same set of experience)
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The elaborated code is typically used by the middle class. It has wider vocab and is based on longer, grammatically more complex sentences. Speech is more varied and communicates abstract ideas.
The elaborated code is context free (the speaker does not assume that the listener shares the same experiences, and so they use language to spell out his/her meaning explicitly for the listener)
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sbckjsbdjks
sdbjsdbjksd
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ddbjs
dbsahkdbhksa
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Speech is predictable and may involves only a single word,or even Just a gesture instead. The restricted code is context bound (speaker assumes the listener shares the same set of experience)

Back

The restricted code is the speech code typically used by working class. it has limited vocab and is based on the use of short, often unfinished, grammatically simple sentences.

Card 3

Front

The elaborated code is context free (the speaker does not assume that the listener shares the same experiences, and so they use language to spell out his/her meaning explicitly for the listener)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

sdbjsdbjksd

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

dbsahkdbhksa

Back

Preview of the back of card 5

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