class differences in achievement

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  • Created by: mayono1
  • Created on: 25-11-17 15:47

1. What did Sugarman (1970) say were the four main aspects of working class subculture that act like a barrier to education achievement?

  • multiculturalism, fatalism, gratification and future-time orientation
  • fatalism, multiculturalism, sacrifice and present-time orienation
  • fatalism, collectivism, immediate gratification and present-time orientation
  • adaptation, collectivism and present-time orientation
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2. What is the elaborated code?

  • used by working class. Has a short vocab, slang, grammatically correct sentences
  • used by the middle class. Has a wider vocab and is based on longer, grammatically more complex sentences
  • used by the lower class. Has a shorter vocab and is based on longer, grammatically more complex sentences
  • used by the upper class. Longer sentences, context bound, grammatically incorrec

3. Who identified the different language spoke by the different classes?

  • Berstein (1975)
  • Young (1967)
  • Feinstein (2008)
  • Douglas (1964)

4. What are internal factors?

  • factors within the home
  • factors outside the workplace
  • factors within education system
  • factors outside the hospital

5. What gives the upper class an advantage when it comes to good education?

  • able to buy fashion magazines
  • able to buy clothes
  • able to buy resources/books
  • able to buy laptops and phones

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