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Neural Plasticity
increase in brain size due to evolution. 1)narrowing of the birth canal 2)delaying skeletal maturation 3)increase of time development
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Extended immaturity
greater dependence on caregiver
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social/cognitive skills
eye gaze and imitation of facial expression/sounds
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Newborns are sensitive to
rhythm and intonation
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Categorical perception
6/8Months - Universal phonemes to language specific phonemes.
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2Months "coo"... 6Months CV combos
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Segmenting words
duration differences and familiar words
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Segmenting words (types of learning)
Statistical learning of syllables. Transitional probabilities. (Pre-tty) high (tty-ba) low(ba-by) high
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9-10Months: child, caregiver and object.
Triadic interactions
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Social skills @9Months
Follow gaze and read facial expressions
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linking gestures and language
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universal grammar, innate, distinction between lexicon and grammar.
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construction grammar, socially evolved, no distinction between lexicon and grammar.
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boot strapping, generalising, pauses, cues from patterns
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item based nature
Wug test (conservative learners) implies pattern based learning
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organisation of lexicon
semantic, morphology, phonology and sound-meaning
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semantic priming
x causes y to z
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vocab growth spurt
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nc3 principle
novel name with nameless category. "Ben the dog" will come under
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Mutual exclusivity bias
new form is new meaning
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whole object bias
new word is whole new object
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Lexical production: learning forms...
reduplication, omission, consonant cluster, substitution
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How to distinguish new words
process of elimination, overhearing, scaffolding.
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Interactional skills
turn taking, aware of common ground, coherence and conversation repairing
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theory of mind
perspective of others. age 4 understand that we're mental beings
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Grice's Maxims MR QQ
manner, relation, quality, quantity
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Detecting sarcasm at age...
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Narrative development
early dialogue, scaffolding
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indirect meaning
conversational implicative
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phonological input
hyper-articulation, pauses, intonation patterns
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grammatical input
short utterances, pivot words, less complex
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gesture input
repetitive, exaggerated
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item based frames
construction is repeated
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SES correlates to
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Inability to detect spacial/colour awareness
inattention blindness
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boot strapping
bi-directional relationship between syntax and lexicon
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Korean Spacial Awareness
Inattention blindness, kkita/ nohta relationship. KKITA- TIGHT . NEHTA- LOOSE ENCLOSED.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


Extended immaturity


greater dependence on caregiver

Card 3


social/cognitive skills


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


Newborns are sensitive to


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Categorical perception


Preview of the front of card 5
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