Citizenship Revision Chapter 13

Justice
This is a concept based upon our behavior or treatment relating to what is morally right and fair.
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Presumption of innocence
within our legal system it is assumed that a person who is bought before the court is presumed innocent and it is up to the state to prove their guilt beyond reasonable doubt rather than the accused having to prove their innocence.
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Trial by jury
an early principle of English justice was the people accused of a crime should be judged by their 'peers', that is people of equal standing from their community.
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Access to justice
this principle relates to the ability of any individual citizen to access and use the justice system irrespective of their status or wealth within society.
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Stop and search
a police officer has powers to stop and search if they have 'responsible grounds' to suspect a person is carrying illegal drugs, a weapon, stolen property or something that could be used to commit a crime, such as tools.
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Power to arrest
in order to arrest someone the police need reasonable grounds to suspect they have been involved in a crime for which an arrest is necessary.
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Entry, search and seizure
in certain circumstances set out in the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (PACE), the police have the power to enter premises and search them to either arrest someone, seize items in connection with a crime, or both.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Presumption of innocence

Back

within our legal system it is assumed that a person who is bought before the court is presumed innocent and it is up to the state to prove their guilt beyond reasonable doubt rather than the accused having to prove their innocence.

Card 3

Front

Trial by jury

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Access to justice

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Stop and search

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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