Citizenship Revision 2

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How can crime threaten human rights?
1) Emotionally - victims may feel upset and unsettled. 2) Health - victims may develop problems like PTSD, depression, and anxiety. 3) Economically - victims may have to replace possessions.
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What are human rights?
Human rights are rights that belong to us because we are human. The basis of them is to respect each individual life.
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What is the Universal Declaration of Human Rights?
The UDHR is a document drawn up by the United Nations. It sets out the basic human rights that everyone should enjoy.
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Give 5 examples of rights from the UDHR.
1) The right to a fair trial. 2) All are equal before the law. 3) Freedom of thought. 4) Freedom of religion. 5) Right to education.
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Where can European citizens appeal if they feel their rights are not being upheld?
The European Court of Human Rights.
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How are rights protected in the UK?
The Human Rights Act. All public bodies - e.g. police, schools, hospitals, and armed forces - must ensure that they respect all human rights, and can be taken to court if they fail to do so.
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What is International Humanitarian Law?
A set of rules to protect people's rights in times of war.
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Give 4 examples of rules of International Humanitarian Law.
1) Civilians must have their lives protected. 2) An enemy who surrenders must not be injured. 3) Wounded people should be cared for by whoever finds them. 4) Weapons that cause unnecessary death must not be used.
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How can rights compete and conflict?
Security v.s. Privacy. Freedom of Expression v.s. Encouraging Hatred. Freedom of Press v.s. Privacy.
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How can the law help where rights conflict?
The courts can be used to prevent the press from publishing something, and to claim damages from the company responsible. The Data Protection Act can be checked if you feel data stored about you threatens your privacy.
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Give 2 responsibilities a citizen has to obey the law and support the justice system.
1) To find out about the laws that apply to them and obey them. 2) To put someone under "citizen's arrest" if they have committed a criminal offence.
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Give 2 responsibilities a citizen has to obey the law and support the justice system.
1) To assist the police, e.g. by giving witness statements or appearing in court when required. 2) To attend jury service and give an honest verdict when summoned.
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What 6 rights does a person have when stopped by police? (part one)
1) To be treated fairly and without discrimination. 2) To be given an explanation before any search is carried out. 3) To be given a reason for arrest.
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What 6 rights does a person have when stopped by police? (part two)
4) To inform someone of your arrest. 5) To remain silent or refuse to answer questions. 6) To not be detained for over 24 hours without charge.
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What are solicitors?
They provide legal advice and support. Some will offer to work on a 'no win, no fee' basis.
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What are Trade Unions?
Organisations that provide advice to their members who have problems at work.
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What is the Citizen's advice Bureau?
A free, impartial advice service run by volunteers.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are human rights?

Back

Human rights are rights that belong to us because we are human. The basis of them is to respect each individual life.

Card 3

Front

What is the Universal Declaration of Human Rights?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Give 5 examples of rights from the UDHR.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Where can European citizens appeal if they feel their rights are not being upheld?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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