Christianity Practices

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  • Created on: 13-05-18 15:40
What is Sunday?
'Lord's Day' when they celebrate the Sabbath
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What do most Church do on 'Lord's Day'?
hold their main service in the morning including prayers, readings, a sermon and the Eucharist
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What does liturgical mean?
the service follows a set pattern written out by the Church
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Describe an Anglican service
usually includes the Eucharist, guided by the 'Common Worship' book
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Describe a Catholic service
always includes the Eucharist, set out by the 'Roman Missal'
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Describe an Orthodox service
the 'Divine Liturgy' which centres on the Eucharist, based on the liturgy of St John Chrysostom
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Describe Anglican and Catholic Eucharist services
there is a confession of sin and a request for God's mercy is said by everyone, there are readings of one gospel and a sermon known as the 'liturgy of the Word', Nicene Creed is recited
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Describe Anglican and Catholic Eucharist services Part 2
priest says prayers over bread and wine (liturgy of the Eucharist), everyone says the lord's prayer and 'share the peace' by shaking hands, they receive the bread and wine
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Describe Orthodox Eucharist Services
contain a sermon, a bible reading, the Nicene Creed and blessing of bread and wine, include the 'litany' where the priest says prayers and the congregation responds with 'Lord have mercy', sing and chant, stand for majority of time, longer
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Describe public worship
helps Christians feel involved in a wider Christian community, help them feel closer to Jesus as they believe he is in the church, 'For where two or three gather in my name, there am I with them' Matthew
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Describe public worship Part 2
following tradition helps them feel connected to worshippers throughout history
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Give examples of non-liturgical worship
Quakers sit in silence but are free to speak and pray out loud, Methodists don't follow a structure but use the 'Methodist Worship Book' for suggestions like hymns and readings
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Describe worship in Evangelical Churches
it is spontaneous, 'charismatic worship', clap, dance, shout, speak in tongues, pray in an unrecognisable language
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Why do some prefer non-liturgical worship?
prefer the freedom but other view it as unsuitable due to the level of respect that religious services require
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Discuss private worship
informal at home, say grace before a meal, worship songs with family, can help them keep God in mind in everyday lives, greater freedom, they can decide how, feel a better connection
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What is a sacrament?
a ceremony though which Christians believe they receive God's grace, a sign of it working with them, they bring people closer to God
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Why do Protestants only do the Baptism and the Eucharist?
they were prescribed by Jesus in the Gospels
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Which groups do not have sacraments?
Quakers and the Salvation Army as they are inward unnecessary symbols of acceptance of God's grace
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Why is baptism a sacrament?
Jesus was baptised and after his resurrection, he told his disciples to 'go and make disciples of all nations, baptising them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit' Matthew
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Why is baptising essential?
Jesus said 'no one can enter the Kingdom of God unless they are born of water and the Spirit' John
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What does baptism do?
makes someone a member of God's family and welcomes them into the Church, cleanses people from original sin
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Which denominations baptise babies?
Anglican, Catholic and Methodist
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How do they baptise a baby?
a sign of the cross is made on the baby and holy water is poured on its forehead three times
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How do orthodox Christians baptise babies?
by total immersion
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What is confirmation?
when a person confirms their faith when they reach an age to declare their beliefs themselves
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Which denominations hold believers' baptisms only?
Baptist and Pentecostals, only adults are baptised by total immersion
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What is the Eucharist?
where Christians remember the Last Supper with bread and wine
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What do Roman Catholic believe about the Eucharist?
transubstantiation, the bread and wine become the flesh and blood of Christ, it is a re-enactment of his sacrifice, they receive saving power from Jesus into themselves through the bread and wine
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What do Lutherans, Methodists and Anglicans believe about the Eucharist?
it is a re-enactment, there is a real presence of Christ in the wine and the bread but don't believe in transubstantiation, 'Transubstantiation... cannot be proved by holy Writ' 39 Articles
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What do Baptists believe about the Eucharist?
view the bread and wine as symbols, believe God is present through the act of Christians coming together, use non-alcoholic wine set on a simple table, bread is offered from person to person, wine is drank out of small individual cups
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What do Catholics and Orthodox believe about the Eucharist?
place more meaning on it, more often, essential to sustain relationship with God, use a more ornate table, an alter, use incense, Catholics given bread from priest and drink from shared cup, Orthodox given both together on a spoon
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What is prayer?
when believers mentally and vocally communicate with God, part of daily life
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What does the Catechism of the Catholic Church say about prayer?
'Prayer is the raising of one's mind and heart to God'
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What are the different type of prayer?
thanksgiving, adoration, confession, supplication (asking for something) and intercession (asking him to help others)
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Why do they pray?
they draw comfort from the fact God listens to them and they listen to what he says to, they will find out what God wants them to do in life through prayer
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What do most denominations use?
formal set prayers
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What is the Lord's Prayer based on?
the words of Jesus telling his disciples how to pray, covering key themes and the idea he is our father and provides for us
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What is an informal prayer?
when an individual talks to God in their own words, sometimes called 'extempore' prayers, more personal, shows their connection with God
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Where is the Lord's Prayer from?
Matthew
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Are pilgrimages compulsory?
no
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What does the Catechism of the Catholic Church say about pilgrimages?
'Pilgrimages evoke our earthly journey towards heaven...'
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What was Jesus' pilgrimage?
when he went with his parents to Jerusalem in Luke
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Why might Christians go on pilgrimages?
to seek healing, forgiveness or connect to Go or deepen their faith
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What do pilgrimages provide?
a chance to escape normal life to concentrate on religion, pilgrims can learn from each other and the journey reflects their path to follow God
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Why is Jerusalem significant?
Key places in Jesus' life and death
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Why might Roman Catholics visit Rome?
home of the Pope
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Describe Lourdes
a shrine where Mary appeared, especially Catholic and some Anglicans, the water has healing properties, can cure ill health and miracles take place there, Catholics visit shrines of saints, commercialised
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Describe the Island of Iona
where Protestants go to find peace to study the Bible an pray, has a long history of Christianity
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Describe Walsingham and Taize
shrines of Mary and where they can join worship in a monastery
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Why do some regard them as pointless?
it is the inner journey that counts
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What does Christmas celebrate?
His birth, 25th December, born in Bethlehem, worshipped by Shepard's, 'a Saviour has been born to you; he is the Messiah' Luke'
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What comes before Christmas?
advent, 4 Sundays before, get ready for Christmas, prayer and reflection, advent candles and calendars
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Who has Midnight Mass?
Roman Catholic, Orthodox and Anglican, welcomes Christmas Day and there on morning to celebrate
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Why are services held after Chritsmas?
to carry on the Epiphany till the 6th of January when the Magi visited Jesus
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Why are gifts exchanged?
to symbolise how Jesus is God's git to the world and how the Magi 'presented him with gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh' Matthew
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Why do some not like modern traditions?
the devalue the true meaning
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How has it been influenced by paganism?
Christmas trees
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What is Easter?
the most important festival to celebrate Jesus' victory over death
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What does Easter remind Christians of?
God's love to let Jesus suffer death on the cross and gives them hope of eternal life
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What is lent?
the 40 days before, starts on Ash Wednesday where ash is put on heads to show they are sorry for their sins
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What do Christian do during lent?
fast or eat simple food to mark when Jesus fasted in the desert
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What is Palm Sunday?
Sunday before Easter when Jesus entered Jerusalem, the triumphant entry, marks beginning of Holy Week
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What is Maundy Thursday?
commemorates the Last Supper held on the night before his death
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What is Good Friday?
when Jesus was crucified, special services are held, last three hours like Jesus' last three hours on the cross when the sky went dark
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What do Christians do on Easter?
hold Saturday night services, sunday morning services, light the Paschal Candle in Anglican and Catholic churches from which worshippers light their own candle from to sow Jesus is the light of the world
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What do Christians do on Easter? Part 2
hold sunrise services to remmeber how MAry MAgdalene discovered at daybreak the empty tomb , rising of the sun is symbolic of the Son of God rising from the dead, eggs are a symbol of new life but are commercialised
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What is the role of the local church?
to put Christian faith into action e.g caring for communities
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What does 1 Peter say about the church?
the leaders are asked to set an example for the congregation thorough their actions, 'be Shepards of God's flock that is under your care... being examples of the flock'
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What does Jesus say is the second most important commandment?
'Love your neighbour as yourself' Mark
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How does the church play an important role in communities?
provide services, quiet refelction, rites of passages like baptisms, youth groups, Sunday schools, support and advice, raise money for charity
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What are Street Pastors?
volunteers in towns on a Friday and Saturday Night to support anyone in need, demonstrating Christian love
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What is a foodbank?
when people donate food to the church who then distribute it to those that need it
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What is it called when different denominations work together?
ecumenism
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What is evangelism?
spreading the Chrisitan message with the aim of converting people
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What did Jesus tell his disciples to do?
'Go into all the world and preach the Gospel to all creation' Mark, Christians should be prepared to do the same, 'As the Father has sent me, I am sending you' John
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Why do they evangelise?
to help people discover their real purpose in life and find salvation, they feel excited to tell of Jesus' love
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What does Pope Francis say about evangelism?
'The primary reason for evangelising is the love of Jesus which we have received'
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What is an alternative way to evangelise?
directly can offend people so Gideons distribute bibles in hotels and care homes, Churches ask the congregation to bring friends along and the Salvation Army provide hot meal and beds to the homeless and attend emergencies
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Why is evangelism important?
Church attendance is falling
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How is the Church of England interesting new people?
making churches that don't follow the traditional model like worshipping in cafes or creating a cafe atmosphere in the church e.g initialives called 'Fresh Expressions' and 'Pioneer Ministry', new approach to modern society
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What are missionaries?
people who spread the message abroad, they don't preach but help disadvantaged people e.g a doctor to demonstrate the message through actions
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What is justice?
all people are equal so should be treated fairly
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What does Matthew say about reconciliation?
'Blessed are the peacemakers', reconciliation is needed between two people who have conflict just as Jesus brought mankind and God together through the atonement
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Who are the Corrymeela Community?
in Northern Ireland, help heal the country's political and religious divisions, works where there is tension and strives to reconcile groups through discussion
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Who are Paxi Christi?
international Catholic organisation who work for human rights, disarmament and peace, violence should be avoided, work for a harmonious world
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How do churches help persecuted Christians?
provide bibles to worship in secret, offer training to church leaders who have lost their homes, pray, send money, start petitions
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What does the bible say about charity?
in the stroy of the sheep and the goats, Jesus says those who are good will go to heaven, those who looked after others, they help Jesus when they help others
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What is charity about?
giving love, 'If I give all I possess to the poor... but do not have love, I gain nothing' 1 Corinthians
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Christian Aid
work globally to relive poverty, projects in the developing world, skill sof local people, change government policy, reduce suffering, fair trade products, debt relief
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CAFOD
Catholic Agency for Overseas Development, fight poverty and injustice, work though churches in emergencies and give people skills
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Tearfund
evangelical organisation to help communities with projects run through the church, end hunger, resolve tension in conflict, help refugees, help natural disaster areas
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Card 2

Front

What do most Church do on 'Lord's Day'?

Back

hold their main service in the morning including prayers, readings, a sermon and the Eucharist

Card 3

Front

What does liturgical mean?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Describe an Anglican service

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Describe a Catholic service

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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