Christianity

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Catholic
a branch of Christianity, based in Rome and led by the Pope
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Orthodox
a branch of Christianity mainly, but not entirely, practised in Eastern Europe
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Protestant
a branch of Christianity, originally were called because they protested against some of the practices of the Catholic Church; there are many denominations, but they agree on the central belief that the Bible is the only authority for Christians
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Denomination
a distinct group within the Christian faith, with its own organisation and traditions
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God
the Supreme Being
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Monotheistic
a religion that believes there is only one God
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Holy
separate and det apart for a special purpose by God
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Omnipotent
almighty, having unlimited power; a quality of God
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(Omni)benevolent
all-loving, all-good; a quality of God
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Justice
bringing about what is right and fair, according to the law, or making up for a wrong that has been committed
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Trinity
the belief that there are three persons in the One God; the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit, are separate, but are also one being
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Holy Spirit
the third person of the Trinity whom Christians believe is inspiring presence of God in the world
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Son of God
a title used for Jesus, the second person of the trinity; denotes the special relationship between Jesus and God the Father
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Creation
the act by which God brought the universe into being
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the Word
term used at the beginning of John's gospel to refer to God the Son
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Incarnation
becoming flesh; taking human form
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Resurrection
1. rising from the dead; 2. Jesus rising from the dead on Easter day. An event recorded in all four gospels and the central belief of Christianity
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Blasphemy
a religious offence which includes claiming to be God
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Crucifixion
1. Roman method of execution by which criminals were fixed to a cross; 2. the execution and death of Jesus on Good Friday
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Ascension
the event, 40 days after the resurrection, when Jesus returned to God, the Father, in heaven
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Heaven
a state of eternal happiness in the presence of God; the place of eternal peace ruled over by God
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Afterlife
what Christians believe follows life on earth
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Day of Judgement
a time when the world will end and every soul will be judged by God and rewarded or punished
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Hell
the place of eternal suffering or the state of being without God
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Purgatory
the intermediate state where souls are cleansed in order to enter heaven
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Satan
the name for the Devil- the power and source of evil
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Sin
1. any action that separates humans from God; 2. behaviour which is against God's laws and wishes or against principles of morality
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Original sin
an Augustine Christian doctrine that says everyone is born with a built-in urge to do bad things and to disobey God; an important doctrine within the Catholic Church
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Salvation
saving the soul, deliverance from sin and admission to heven brought about by Jesus
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Grace
a quality of God which God shows to humans by providing love and support which they do not need to earn
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Forgiveness
showing grace and mercy and pardoning someone for what they have done wrong
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Atonement
restoring the relationship between people of God through the life, death and resurrection of Jesus
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Mass
ceremony, also called the Eucharist, in which the sacrificial death and resurrection of Jesus is celebrated using bread and wine
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

a branch of Christianity mainly, but not entirely, practised in Eastern Europe

Back

Orthodox

Card 3

Front

a branch of Christianity, originally were called because they protested against some of the practices of the Catholic Church; there are many denominations, but they agree on the central belief that the Bible is the only authority for Christians

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

a distinct group within the Christian faith, with its own organisation and traditions

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

the Supreme Being

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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