Christian beliefs about death and beyond

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  • Created by: Megan
  • Created on: 01-05-15 18:33
What is death?
The point at which life comes to an end, the heart stops beating and the brain ceases to function
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What is a soul?
The internal representation of a person, it has no physical features but shows who they truly are. It is the defining characteristic of human life and lives on after death
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What do Monists believe?
That the body and soul are one
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What is the dominant idea in Christianity about the occurrences after death?
They believe that you will be resurrected as Jesus was
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What does the afterlife require? What does this mean for after death?
The afterlife requires a physical body, therefore at some point after death, the physical body will be restored thereby enabling you to experience the afterlife
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What issues does the idea of a physical resurrection raise?
Dead bodies rot away or are cremated. Would a new body still be me?
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What solution does John Hick provide to the issues raised by resurrection?
The Replica Theory
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What is Replica Theory?
It is possible for God to create an identical replica of me in heaven. Although death may destroy my original body, as long as my brain and body are identical; the new body will be me.
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What are Hick's 3 essential criteria for preserving personal identity?
Memories, Character and Appearance. As long as these elements are identical, the replica is the same as the original.
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Who's teachings are Hick's ideas compatible with, how?
St Paul, he taught although our earthly bodies will rot and decay, we will be raised to have a heavenly body.
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What is Dualism?
The belief that the body and soul are separate
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Who does the idea of Dualism stem from?
Descartes
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What is the Soul according to Descartes?
The rational thinking mind. It experiences all thoughts and emotions that cannot be located in the physical world.
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What phenomena backs up the idea of Dualism?
Near death experiences, the soul exits the body in many cases
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Who came up with the idea of Modified Dualism?
St Thomas Aquinas
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What is Modified Dualism?
The idea that after death there is a partial separation between body & soul. The physical body stays in the ground, while the soul goes to purgatory to be cleansed of sin, until it is reunited with a new glorified body at judgement day.
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What is the beatific vision of God?
The idea that when we reach heaven we will see him "face to face"(Corinthians). It is a human beings' final end, where we can experience total happiness as all our desires are satisfied by being in the direct presence of God
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What does Corinthians say that backs up the idea of resurrection? (But the truth is that Christ...)
But the truth is that Christ has been raised from the dead, as the guarantee that those who sleep in death will also be raised
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Why did Jesus die on the cross?
To save man from his sins, and in doing so he opened heaven to all of humanity.
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On which two grounds did St Paul argue in favour of the idea of resurrection?
1)Jesus was resurrected, so too should Christians hope to be 2)Since God has created many types of bodies in nature, we should believe he is able to make our human bodies perfect
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Give 2 arguments against the idea of physical ressurection
1)Christian arguments will not be persuasive to non-believers because they are based on scripture alone. 2)There is no empirical evidence for resurrection, so supporters of the Verification principle would reject it
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What did SOCRATES say about the soul?
the immortal soul enters the body at birth and leaves it at death
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Card 2

Front

What is a soul?

Back

The internal representation of a person, it has no physical features but shows who they truly are. It is the defining characteristic of human life and lives on after death

Card 3

Front

What do Monists believe?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the dominant idea in Christianity about the occurrences after death?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What does the afterlife require? What does this mean for after death?

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