Christian attitudes to War and Peace

HideShow resource information
Pax-Christi
A Roman Catholic Peace Organisation dedicated to promoting world peace, diarmament, human rights, reconcilliation and peaceful conflict resolution.
1 of 14
Just War Theory
A set of conditions which must be met before a war is considered 'justified '.
2 of 14
Christianity teaches that ...
Peace is the main goal of all human beings - 'Love one another' (Jesus)
3 of 14
Christian definition of peace...
Complete freedom from suffering, distress and disturbance.
4 of 14
Catechism of the Catholic Church states 5 conditions for war (#1)
PROPER AUTHORITY - declared by a government or monarch.
5 of 14
Catechism of the Catholic Church states 5 conditions for war (#2)
JUST CAUSE - e.g in defence or to aid a friendly nation against aggressors (it must not be for a selfish cause such as to gain land or to gain revenge).
6 of 14
Catechism of the Catholic Church states 5 conditions for war (#3)
LAST RESORT - All other methods of negotiation and peace-keeping must have been tried first.
7 of 14
Catechism of the Catholic Church states 5 conditions for war (#4)
ACHIEVABLE AIM - Must have a reasonably chance of success (to limit the needless waste of human life lost).
8 of 14
Catechism of the Catholic Church states 5 conditions for war (#5)
PROPORTIONALITY - Any harm caused must be less than the harm being prevented by war (For example WMD's would violate this term).
9 of 14
Conditions for fighting a war justly ...
(DISCRIMINATION - war should discriminate between combatants) and civilians and there must be (PROPORTIONALITY - military advantage gained by attack must outweigh any harm to civilians).
10 of 14
Holy War
Fought for a religious aim or purpose e.g - The Crusades
11 of 14
Pacifism
The belief that all violence is wrong under any circumstance (a particular belief for Quakers)
12 of 14
Violence goes against Christian teaching -
'all who draw the sword will die by the sword' and 'turn the other cheek' - New Testiment.
13 of 14
Conscientious Objectors
Faced prison in WW1 rather than fight - they faced great humiliation and hostility when they were released at the end of the war.
14 of 14

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A set of conditions which must be met before a war is considered 'justified '.

Back

Just War Theory

Card 3

Front

Peace is the main goal of all human beings - 'Love one another' (Jesus)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Complete freedom from suffering, distress and disturbance.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

PROPER AUTHORITY - declared by a government or monarch.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Religious Studies resources:

See all Religious Studies resources »See all Peace and Conflict resources »