Chopin

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When written/or performed
1839
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Time Signature
4/4
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Rhythm, metre
Septuplet in bars 4 & 23. Dectuplet in bar 79. Repeated Quavers used. Melody begins with dotted rhythm.
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Tempo
Rubato used creating flexible tempo
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Dynamics
Many crescendos and diminuendos. Wide range of dynamics (from pp to ff) but no sudden contrasts. Section A quieter and Section B.
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Instrumentation
Single Piano. Piano mostly uses middle and low ranges. Uses piano to produce singing, legato tone. Uses wide dynamic range of piano. Sustaining pedal used for legato
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Tonality and Harmony
In D flat major. Mainly uses diatonic harmony with occasional chromaticism. Modulates from tonic major (D flat major) in A to eharmonic tonic minor (C sharp minor) in B. A & B end with imperfect cadence. C ends with perfect cadence.
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Structure
Ternary Form. A- D flat major. B- C sharp minor. A again, shorter and with a Coda
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Melody
Mostly made up of 4 or 8 bar phrases. Begins with lyrical melody in right hand in A (with ornaments like acciaccatura bar 4 and turn bar 11). Melody has chromaticism. B moves melody to bass, has narrower range and longer notes.
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Texture
Apart from 2 bars at the end, piece is homophonic. A section:melody in right hand, broken chords in left. B: melody left hand, dominant pedal in right
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Time Signature

Back

4/4

Card 3

Front

Rhythm, metre

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Tempo

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Dynamics

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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