Chopin-Prelude (Raindrop)

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When was it composed?
1835-39
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What nationality was Chopin?
Polish
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Did Chopin name the piece?
No
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What group of pieces is 'Raindrop' from?
It is the 12th of 24 preludes, each in the 12 major and 12 minor keys
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Which period of music is this from?
The Romantic period (1780-1910)
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What are the features of the Romantic period?
Expressive,Emotive pieces, Longer pieces, Modulation between keys, Rich chromatic and dissonant harmonies, use of crescendos and diminuendos
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What range of the piano does Chopin use?
The middle/lower range
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What is the dynamic range?
pp-ff
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What is the metre?
4/4
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What is the structure?
Ternary (ABA'), B is very long, and A' is much shorter/is a Codetta
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What is the tonality of the piece?
Section-Db major, Section B is C# minor-the enharmonic tonic minor of Db major
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What does enharmonic mean?
A note of the same position on the piano/same sound but with a different name
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Which hand is the melody played by in A?
By the right hand (treble clef) with a Ab pedal note, with a broken chordal accompaniment, using quavers
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Which hand is the melody played by in B?
By the left hand (Bass clef) with an INVERTED G# pedal note, with a crotchet-based chordal accompaniment
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The melody is 'Cantabile', what does it mean?
In a singing style
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Name some features of the melody
Uses a falling motif, periodic phrases, ornaments, lyrical/legato
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What are septuplets and dectuplets
septuplet-group of 7 notes (used in bars 4 and 23), dectuplet- group of 10
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What interval is the melody harmonised in?
in 6ths
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What is the Rhythm of the piece?
It uses Rubato (freedom of time), Augmented rhythms , with longer note values in section B
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Are the harmonies Diatonic or Chromatic?
Mostly Diatonic, with some chromatic harmonies
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How do the dynamics change throughout the piece?
A section is soft, B section starts sotto voce,then crescendos to FF, The piece is Smorzando at the end and ends pp
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What is the texture?
Homophonic melody and accompaniment in A and B, BUT monophonic in Codetta
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Which piano pedal is used to create the legato tone?
The sustain pedal
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What cadence do sections A and B end in?
imperfect
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What cadence does the Codetta end in ?
perfect
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Which other keys does the music modulate to?
Unrelated and related keys, Ab major, Ab minor, Bb minor, G# major
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What nationality was Chopin?

Back

Polish

Card 3

Front

Did Chopin name the piece?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What group of pieces is 'Raindrop' from?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Which period of music is this from?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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