China's One-Child Policy Case Study

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What is the population of China?
Over 1.3 billion - it has the largest population of any country in the world.
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When was the 'one-child' policy introduced?
1979
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How is this policy carried out?
>Couples that only have one child are given benefits like longer maternity leave, better housing, free education. Couples that have more than one child don't get any benefits and they get fined part of their income.
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Over the years, the policy has changed slightly. How?
>In some rural areas, couples are allowed a second child if the first is a girl, or has a physical disability (more children to work on farms) >If one of the parents has a physical disability or if both parents are only children they can have 2 kids.
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What is the effectiveness of the policy?
>Has prevented up to 400 million births >Fertility rate has dropped from 5.7 in 1970 to around 1.7 >Older policies may also have contributed (e.g. leaving longer gaps between children) but some think that Chinese people want fewer children anyway.
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What are some of the problems with the policy?
>Gender imbalance - preference for boys leads to infanticide and abandonment >'Little emperors' - only children becoming spoilt >Ageing population: 4-2-1 problem (4 grandparents, 2 parents, 1 child) >Pressure on healthcare system and future pensions
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Has the policy helped towards sustainable development?
Yes. The population hasn't grown as fast or large as t would have done without the policy, so fewer resources have been used.
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Card 2

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When was the 'one-child' policy introduced?

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1979

Card 3

Front

How is this policy carried out?

Back

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Card 4

Front

Over the years, the policy has changed slightly. How?

Back

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Card 5

Front

What is the effectiveness of the policy?

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