China - Birth control policy

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  • Created by: JCSL
  • Created on: 17-04-16 17:07
What is the population of China?
1.3 billion people
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When was the one child policy introduced?
Introduced in 1979
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Give 3 benefits given to families with only 1 child
Longer maternity leave / Better housing / Free eduction for the child
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What penalties are given to families that break the policy?
Fined part of their income / Previously forced abortions (now illegal)
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What exceptions are there for families in rural areas?
Allowed a 2nd child if first is a girl or has a physical disability - needed to work on farms
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What 2 general exception are there and why?
If one of the parents has a disability / If both parents are an only child - so there are enough people to look after the parents
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Up to how many births has the policy prevented?
Policy has prevented up to 400 million births
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How has the fertility rate changed?
Fertility rate dropped from 5.7 in 1970 to 1.8 today
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When did it become illegal to have a forced abortion?
Forced abortions made illegal in 2002
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What 2 problems do the fines now have?
Large fines can devastate poorer families / Families now able to afford the fine
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What 3 problem does the policy create to do with gender?
Boys more desirable so imbalance created / more girl foetus abortions or girl abandonments / More men without females leads to increase crime rate
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What is the ratio of males to females?
120 males : 100 females
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What is the new attitude towards gender preference?
Girls no longer undesirable because families are able to demand more from a husband
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When was the one child policy introduced?

Back

Introduced in 1979

Card 3

Front

Give 3 benefits given to families with only 1 child

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What penalties are given to families that break the policy?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What exceptions are there for families in rural areas?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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