China 1 child policy

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When was the 1 child policy introduced
1979
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Why was the policy introduced?
Rapid population growth would outstrip resources
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give 3 ways the policy was implemented
Free education, healthcare and benefits if 1 child, less taxes paid, encourage/force steralisation & family planning
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Why was the policy relaxed in 2013
Population was aging and gender imbalanced (more men than women)
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What is the 4-2-1 problem?
One child supports two parents and four grandparents
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What are 'little emperors'?
Single sons who are spoilt by their parents
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What is 'dependency ratio'?
The number of those not in work (under 15 and over 65) compared with those of working age
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What is female infanticide
Deliberate killing of newborn female children
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What is contraception?
Methods/devices used to prevent pregnancy (eg condoms)
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What is family planning?
Planning how many children to have children and when
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What is natural increase
Where the number of children born is greater than the number of deaths
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What are 'spare branches'
Men who will not find a wife due to fewer women
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How many more boys are there than girls?
Approximately 30 million
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Why are so many baby girls abandoned or put up for adoption
Because of the preference for boys
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What problems does an ageing population cause China?
Struggle to provide healthcare, pensions and housing for elderly population
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What is 'selective termination'?
Having an abortion if the baby is a girl
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How many births have been prevented as a result of the one child policy
Over 400 million
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why was the policy introduced?

Back

Rapid population growth would outstrip resources

Card 3

Front

give 3 ways the policy was implemented

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why was the policy relaxed in 2013

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the 4-2-1 problem?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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