china- one child policy case study

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what is china's population?
1.3 billion people.
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when was the one child policy introduced?
1979
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why was the one child policy introduced?
in the 1980's the population reached 1 billion and showed no signs of slowing down as there was a falling death rate and a higher birth rate, this could cause unemployment, starvation, overcrowded schools etc.
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what did the policy state?
1. no one can marry until their late twenties. 2. only aloud one successful pregnancy. 3. to get married you needed permission and must complete a written test.
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what did the policy aim to do?
the policy aimed to stabilize the population at 1.8 billion in 2025.
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what would couples get who supported the policy?
a 5-10% pay rise, a job if not in work, free education, priority housing, pension, and family benefits.
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what would happen to couples who break the rules?
they would have to pay for their childrens education, no family benefits, pay for health care, salaries would be cut by 10% and a large fine would have to be payed making most families bankrupt.
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what are the benefits of the policy?
the predicted famine did not happen, population growth slowed down, peoples living standards have increased, today china has the fastest growing economy.
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what are the problems of the policy?
second pregnancys were forced to be aborted, daughters abandoned, 15 million girls abandoned in orphanages, more men than women, there were lots of elderly and not enough children to look after them.
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Card 2

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when was the one child policy introduced?

Back

1979

Card 3

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why was the one child policy introduced?

Back

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Card 4

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what did the policy state?

Back

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Card 5

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what did the policy aim to do?

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