China 1911-35

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  • Created by: emullins
  • Created on: 29-11-15 22:14
Who ruled after Emperor Pu Yi was overthrown?
The warlords
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Who was Sun Yat-Sen's successor?
Chiang Kai-Shek - the LEADER OF THE NATIONALIST PARTY
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Why were the Manchus unpopular?
They were WEAK, had UNEQUAL TREATIES, they RELIED ON EUROPEANS to crush rebellions, their GLORIOUS PAST was gone.
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What did Sun Yat-Sen believe?
China needed to follow the Western model - Democracy and Industrialisation. He wanted to overthrow the Manchus.
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What were the short term causes of the 1911 revolution?
As Pu Yi was only 2, and his Regent Prince Chun fired able officials, wealthy Chinese didn't like high taxes and 1911 crop failure lead to angry peasants
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Who were the Manchus?
The ruling dynasty of China until 1911.
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What was the spark of the 1911 revolution?
Police fired on demonstrators in Sichuan and an accidental bomb exploded in an office filled with revolutionary soldiers in the Russian concession.
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When did Sun Yat-Sen die?
March 1925
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What caused the Northern Campaign (1926)?
Chiang Kaishek lead the Guomindang to crush the warlords.
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Why was the Northern Campaign successful?
Warlord armies mutinied and joined GMD, peasants believed propoganda, Chiang bribed key figures in different provinces, it enforced officer training, improved weaponry and gained a skilled army. They also gained the support of the Russians.
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What was the Shang-Hai massacre?
Workers in Shang-Hai rebelled against warlords, led by the communists. But as soon as Chiang's army arrived he killed all the Communists.
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When did the First United Front happen between?
1924-27 - KMT/GMD and CCP unite against the local warlords and foreign influence on China.
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Why was the Jiangxi Soviet so popular with peasants?
A land law was passed which divided land among peasants, Communists reduced taxes on land, created Peasant Councils and made other positive changes.
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What were the extermination campaigns?
The GMD under Mao tried to eliminate the Jiang-Xi soviet in four campaigns but all of them failed.
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What one method did Mao use in the extermination campaigns?
Guerilla tactics
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What methods were used by the GMD in the Fifth campaign?
1933 - Chiang launched the fifth attack against the Communists, using the 'blockhouse strategy', surrounding them and stopping all movements in an out of the Soviet.
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What was the Long March?
16th October 1934 - 87,000 soldiers of the Red Army set out on the retreat planned by Otto Braun.
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What held them back in the Long March?
The amount of equipment they were carrying, giving the Guomindang more time to prepare for their attack.
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What happened to Otto Braun?
He was suspended and military control of the Red Army was given back to Mao.
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When did the Long March end?
When the Red Army reached Yanan in October 1935 after travelling over 9000km.
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Card 2

Front

Who was Sun Yat-Sen's successor?

Back

Chiang Kai-Shek - the LEADER OF THE NATIONALIST PARTY

Card 3

Front

Why were the Manchus unpopular?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Sun Yat-Sen believe?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What were the short term causes of the 1911 revolution?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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