Children

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  • Created by: The Shrew
  • Created on: 11-01-16 13:41
Maturations
Genetically programmed/ sensitive periods for development of motor/ cognitive/ language
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Healthy child program
10-14 days- assess feeding, development, sensitivity, 6-8 weeks- maternal mental health, baby checked 10-12 weeks- mmh, feeding, sleeping, immunisations, 9-12 months- mmh, development and safety, 2-2.5 yrs- same
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Crowding
Parent's less responsive, less monitoring, social withdrawal, conflict, less cooperation, adverse mental health
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Poor housing quality
Poor socio-emotional and cognitive development/ higher levels of sickness
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Chaotic home environment
Effects on self-regulatory ability/ more routines= better
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Other environmental issues
neighbourhood, noise, pollution, school
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Social context
Kids dependent on parent's physical, cognitive, social and emotional development
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Big 4
Safety, intellectual stimulation, care, control
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Family life cycle
Transitions can cause psychological distress- need to be flexibly negotiated
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Socio-emotional development
Early social environment/ responsiveness of parents/ synchrony 3
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Types of attachment
Secure, ambivalent (resistant), avoidant, disorganised
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Quality can be altered with
intervention
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Longitudinal research
avoidant and disorganised- externalising problems in childhood
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Fearon et al
Association with attachment and school aged behaviour problems
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Childhood conduct problems
30-50% referrals to CAHMS- internalising and externalising problems
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2 distinctions of externalising problems
aggressive vs non-aggressive/ socialised vs non socialised
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Oppositional defiant disorder
need to have 4 symptoms to be diagnosed with DSM-V
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Conduct disorder
3 out of the 15 symptoms for 12 months and one for 6 months
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Prevalence
5-10% 8-16yr old boys/ girls less aggressive so harder to measure CD
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Developmental pathways
early onset and continuity- higher rates of self reported violent crime and controlling aggression evident/ late onset- more consequences in adulthood, deliberate physical or mental injury, damage of property, overt vs covert, reactive vs proactive
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Clinical assessment
Reason for referral/ behavioural and emotional check list/ official measures/ development and attachment history/ school performance/ risk assessment
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Parental management training
tackle inconsistency, harsh discipline, lack of supervision, lack of rules, warmth
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Patterson's coercion hypothesis
Aversive effect, coercive response, averse effects
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Parents of conduct disordered kids more likely to
relinquish demands
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Intervention can reduce
time spent in institutions ages 10-17
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Kazdin et al
40% drop out
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Scott et al
1/3rd still diagnosable with ODD
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Poor treatment response
severe chronic conduct problems
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Pasco et al
Avoidant and disorganised- higher levels of externalising problems/ moderated by family cumulative contextual risk, gender and age/ disorganised boys from risky backgrounds= most problematic
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Card 2

Front

Healthy child program

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10-14 days- assess feeding, development, sensitivity, 6-8 weeks- maternal mental health, baby checked 10-12 weeks- mmh, feeding, sleeping, immunisations, 9-12 months- mmh, development and safety, 2-2.5 yrs- same

Card 3

Front

Crowding

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Poor housing quality

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Chaotic home environment

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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