Behaviour from Childhood Experiences

Behaviour is influenced by childhood experiences. (Freud)

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How can experiences in childhood affect our adult personality?
Problems at any stage can result in the child getting fixated (stuck) and they can carry certain behaviours into later adult life.
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What is a libido?
Each psychosexual stage involves the libido (sexual drives), which focuses on one area of the body.
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What are the 5 key psychosexual development stages?
Oral. Anal. Phallic. Latency. Genital.
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What is the Oral Stage? What age does it develop? Where is the focus of libido?
Age: Birth – 18 months. Focus of libido is the mouth. The mouth is the main focus. The child is being breastfed and are passive, receptive and dependent.
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Oral Stage different characteristics for… Healthy development? Fixation: Overindulged (too much given)? Fixation: Unindulged?
HD - Adult enjoyment of food and healthy dependence on others. F: O – Optimistic, admiring, gullible, overly enthusiastic. F: U – Envious, pessimistic, sarcastic, smoking, drinking, eating problems (Too much/little).
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What is the Anal Stage? What age does it develop? Where is the focus of libido?
Age: 1 – 3 years. Focus of libido is the ****. When potty training takes place. Ego develops as parents impose restrictions. The first time the child experiences control (expulsion / retention of faeces).
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Anal Stage different characteristics for… Healthy development? Fixation: Overindulged: Anally expulsive? Fixation: Unindulged: Anally retentive?
HD – The ability to deal with authority and to be able to maintain a balance between order and mess. F: O: AE – Caused by too much freedom during potty training. Leads to messy, reckless and disorganised adults. F: O: AR – Caused potty training tha
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What is the Phallic Stage? What age does it develop? Where is the focus of libido?
Age: 3 – 6 years. Focus of libido is the genitals. Curiosity and examination.
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In the Phallic stage, what is the difference between the Oedipus and Electra Complex?
Oedipus – What the boy goes through. Cause castration anxiety. Electra – What the girl goes through. Cause penis envy.
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Phallic Stage different characteristics for… Healthy development? Fixation?
HD – Well-rounded adult. The child will internalise their same-sex parent, which becomes the super ego. F – Self-assured. Selfish. Reckless. Ambitious. Vain. Proud. Incapable of loving others. Sexual under or over confidence and homosexuality (whi
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What age does the Latency Stage develop? Where is the focus?
Age: 7 – Puberty. Focus is on same-sex friendships.
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Why is there no fixation for the Latency stage?
Events from previous stages are repressed into the unconscious.
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What happens in the Genital Stage? What age does it develop? Where is the focus of libido?
Age: Puberty and Adolescence Adult personality has developed. There is an interest in the opposite sex.
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Fixations in the Genital Stage?
Repressed fixations from previous stages may start to cause problems. They will become a well-rounded adult if all previous stages were resolved successfully.
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Card 2

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What is a libido?

Back

Each psychosexual stage involves the libido (sexual drives), which focuses on one area of the body.

Card 3

Front

What are the 5 key psychosexual development stages?

Back

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Card 4

Front

What is the Oral Stage? What age does it develop? Where is the focus of libido?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Oral Stage different characteristics for… Healthy development? Fixation: Overindulged (too much given)? Fixation: Unindulged?

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