Child Language Acquisition

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Chomsky
LAD (language acquistion device) children are born with an inbuilt ability to learn a language and grammatical structures.
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Bruner
LASS (language acquisition support system)- scaffolding: parents create routines and rituals to help children learn (peek-a-boo)
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Cruttenden
Children under the age of 7 are less able to understand the meanings behind intonation in the voice.
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Berko & Brown
If a child uses 'fis' for fish and the adult does aswell the child wont understand the adult as they know its meant to be fish.
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Nelson
60% of children's first words are nouns, followed by verbs, then modifiers and then personal/social words.
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Skinner
Children learn through positive and negative reinforcement (behaviourist)
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Clark
Over extension (dog for all 4 legged animals) & underextension (duck for cartoon but not pond).
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Rescorla
Over extensions can be split into 3 categories: categorical overextension, analogical development and mismatch statements.
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Aitchison
Linguistic development is split into 3 stages: labelling, packaging and network-development.
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Piaget
Children are active learners who use their environment. Split development into 4 stages : sensorimotor, pre-operational, concrete operational and formal events.
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Bellugi
Explored the use of negatives and split into 3 stages.
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Brown
Found children learn morphemes in a particular order, 'ing' being the 1st.
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Berko
Proved over generalisations when children are learning plurals.
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Halliday
Explored functions of speech. Instrumental, regulatory, interactional, personal, representational, imaginative and heuristic.
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Dore
Explored speech functions but focused more on individual utterances, groups were : labelling, repeating, answering, requesting action, calling, greeting, protesting and practising.
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Brown & Levinson
Positive and negative face.
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Vygotsky
Children use play to develop language and use pprops as pivots during adult role playing.
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Garvey
Children use role play to develop social interactions and negotiating skills.
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Macnamara
Children don't have a LAD but do have an inbuilt ability to interpret social situations.
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Bard & Sachs
Researched a child with 2 deaf parents. Although he was exposed to TV & radio he still had retarded speech development which shows importance of social interactions.
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Heath
Different areas and cultures pick up different aspects of language first.
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Bruner
Parents can help children learn a language through the use of books and images using 4 stages: gaining attention, querying, labelling and feedback (LASS)
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Donaldson & Scheffler
Wrote and illustrated the gruffalo. 4 key aspects to help children learn to read: animal characters, phonological devices(rhyme), direct speech & text image cohesion.
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Skinner
Positive and negative reinforcements can be used whilst reading.
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Chall
6 stages for reading development.
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Kroll
Split writing development into four stages: preparation, consolidation, differentiation and intergration.
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Rothery
Created 4 categories for childrens writing: observation/comment, recount, report & narrative.
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Britton
3 modes for childrens writing: expressive, poetic and transactional.
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Barclay
Created 7 stages for writing development.
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Perera
Added age ranges to Kroll's stages and research chronologicl and non chronological texts.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

LASS (language acquisition support system)- scaffolding: parents create routines and rituals to help children learn (peek-a-boo)

Back

Bruner

Card 3

Front

Children under the age of 7 are less able to understand the meanings behind intonation in the voice.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

If a child uses 'fis' for fish and the adult does aswell the child wont understand the adult as they know its meant to be fish.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

60% of children's first words are nouns, followed by verbs, then modifiers and then personal/social words.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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