Child Witnesses

  • Created by: Steff06
  • Created on: 29-05-19 10:31
Mr Science experiments
3-8yr olds - Mr Science did science demos with them. Interviewed immediately after them 3+4m's after. 5 open-ended q's. 80% 3yr olds immediately reported nothing, but 3m's later 49% 3-4yr olds reported info
1 of 10
is lack of reporting due to lack of memory? (7)
no, might not remember, might not have vocab, might not understand info, might be shy, failure to grap topic, simple retrieval failure, drift off topic
2 of 10
how accurate/reliable are children's free recall narratives?
v few detail/intrusion errors (1-2%)
3 of 10
why could accuracy decline when responding to specific q's? (4)
might want to please interviewever so answer anyway, forgotten those details, may respond even if they don't understand, questions ask details which were never encoded
4 of 10
what are influences on suggestibility (5)
false info, asked to speculate/imagine, negative stereotypes. misleading q's, social reinforcement for particular answers
5 of 10
Sam Stone study - how many children in combined persisted in beliefs when challenged?
20%
6 of 10
what does the Sam Stone study show? (2)
must think about wider context influencing the way a child thinks about the event, things that occur prior to and after target event can affect child's memory for that event
7 of 10
common misconceptions about child witnesses and suggestibility (4) STAR
suggestibility must be intense to affect memory - no, even speculation can. Traumatic experiences reisstent to suggestion - no. Non-suggestive techniques mean info is accurate - no other factors could affect. Older children more resistant to suggesti
8 of 10
Strange, Garry and Sutherland 03
life events inventory - 6 implausible target events e.g. moon on rocket or swam with mermaid, control or draw and tell condition,, life events again - drew were more likely to say event happened to them
9 of 10
Strange, Garry and Sutherland 06
remembering 2 plausible + 2 implausible events. 6 and 10 yrs. false events = hot air balloon/flown to UK for tea with Prince. 6yr olds v confident, 10 moderately
10 of 10

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

is lack of reporting due to lack of memory? (7)

Back

no, might not remember, might not have vocab, might not understand info, might be shy, failure to grap topic, simple retrieval failure, drift off topic

Card 3

Front

how accurate/reliable are children's free recall narratives?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

why could accuracy decline when responding to specific q's? (4)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what are influences on suggestibility (5)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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