Child psychology: Development of attachment (social)

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  • Created by: Rosa335
  • Created on: 20-06-17 23:15
Outline the behaviourists' view of attachment
babies are born with blank slate, learn everything as they become. Learn attachment behaviours through reinforcement or association to bond with their main care giver.
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Outline the evolutionary's view of attachment
attachment behaviour has evolved over time to ensure survival of the species
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Who investigated attachment behaviours in monkeys?
Harlow
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What did Harlow find?
Baby monkeys would choose to spend time with a cuddly surrogate mother made of wire than one which fed them. Also if the monkey was scared it would run to the cuddly mother
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How did Bowlby view attachment?
As an instinct derived from hunger or libido.
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What did Lorenz find?
geese would imprint on the first living thing they saw after hatching and by ensuring he was it he became the attachment figure
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What types of attachment are there?
Secure, insecure avoidant, insecure resistant, insecure diorganised
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Outline secure attachment
Sensitive and loving, child seeks proximity of caregiver
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Outline insecure avoidant attachment
insensitive and rejecting, child avoids care giver in time of need
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Outline insecure resistant attachment
insensitive and inconsistent, child exaggerates distress and anger to ensure caregiver notices
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outline insecure disorganised attachment
Insensitive and not normal, child shows bizarre and contradictory behaviour (eg running away)
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Who investigated the negative implications of failure to attach?
Bowlby
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Who did Bowlby look at?
44 juvenile thieves who were given several tests
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What did the sample in Bowlby's theory display
affectionless psychopathy, teenagers who were separated from their mothers in the first 2 years of life were much more likely to show this
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Outline the maternal deprivation hypothesis (from bowlby's theory)
A child who failed to bond with his/her mother would be likely to experience mental health problems at a later age
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Outline the critical period for development according to Bowlby
attachments have to be formed in this period or it would be too late to prevent later problems, this being the first 2 years of life
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What is privation (Bowlby's theory)
no bond was ever formed
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What is deprivation (Bowlby's theory)
where a bond had been formed but then broken due to separation. The negative long-term effects are low academic and socio-economic achievement
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Outline a strategy to develop an attachment friendly environment
Key person approach, Nursery worker responsible for small number of children, like sensitive parenting, key worker will be available and provide comfort to child, being sensitive to child's emotional and physical needs
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Outline the procedure used in the key person approach
Before child starts daycare, key person should meet child and learn about likes and dislikes (enable to respond sensitively). Child should be greeted by key person and supported to say goodbye to parent.
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What happens at the end in the key person approach?
Key worker is there when child is reunited with parent so link is made
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Outline the evolutionary's view of attachment

Back

attachment behaviour has evolved over time to ensure survival of the species

Card 3

Front

Who investigated attachment behaviours in monkeys?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Harlow find?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How did Bowlby view attachment?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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