Child Language Spoken

Pre-Birth Stage
Child recognises mothers voice, differentiate between native language
1 of 30
Pre- Verbal Stage
Crying for physical reason, parents attuned to different cries, exercise vocal cord, understand making noise gets attention
2 of 30
Cooing
2 Months, tongue and back of mouth contact, distinct from crying
3 of 30
Babbling
6 Months, vowel and consonant sound
4 of 30
Reduplicated Babbling
simple, appears first, child repeats some sounds e.g Babababa
5 of 30
Variegated Babbling
later, variation in consonant and vowel sounds, doesn't resemble words e.g Daba
6 of 30
Holophrastic Stage
12-18 Months, first word, convey sentence worth in one word, convey meaning through word choice. 1st word 'mummy' 'daddy' or concrete noun
7 of 30
Non- Verbal Communication
clarify intended meaning e.g gestures, facial expression
8 of 30
Two- word stage
18 months, child puts 2 words together to convey meaning, meaning narrowed, understand grammar
9 of 30
Vocabulary Spurt
18 months, cognitive change, know 300 words
10 of 30
Telegraphic Stage
2, longer complete utterances, key content words, omit grammatical words
11 of 30
Post- telegraphic Stage
3, Children's speech increasingly like adults, more accurate, grammatically
12 of 30
Functions of Language
Halliday (1975)
13 of 30
Instrumental
Language is used to fulfil a particular need 'I want'
14 of 30
Regulatory
Used to tell someone to do something/ influence behaviour 'Wash hands'
15 of 30
Interactional
Develop social relationships, ease process of interaction 'Love mummy'
16 of 30
Personal
Express ideas, opinion and identity 'Jimmy good boy'
17 of 30
Heuristic
language used to learn + explore environment, questions 'Why the bus stop here?'
18 of 30
Imaginative
Create imaginary environment, play 'Jimmy shoot cowboy'
19 of 30
Representational
language used to convey facts and information
20 of 30
Rachel's First words- Katherine Nelson
Most common words - Noun 'mummy' 'daddy' least common modifiers 'More' 'My'
21 of 30
Skinner + Behaviourism
all behaviour is result of the conditioning experienced than freedom of choice.
22 of 30
Operant Conditioning
positive or negative response given by caregiver influences they way a child talks in the future
23 of 30
Positive Reinforcement
Positive feedback given to child, encourages behaviour
24 of 30
Negative Reinforcement
Lack of feedback or correction prevents child making same error
25 of 30
Chomsky + Nativism
Language Acquisition Device, human brain has natural ability to learn language
26 of 30
Universal Grammar
global capacity for children to learn language at similar rates/ways
27 of 30
Virtuous Error
grammatical error, attempt to apply rules they recognise from around them
28 of 30
Nativism Criticism
Doesn't give importance of caregiver of language development
29 of 30
Genie
13 Years locked up, no social interaction, no speech, Couldn't acquire language beyond a certain point (basic) suggest critical period where child learns language not inate
30 of 30

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Crying for physical reason, parents attuned to different cries, exercise vocal cord, understand making noise gets attention

Back

Pre- Verbal Stage

Card 3

Front

2 Months, tongue and back of mouth contact, distinct from crying

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

6 Months, vowel and consonant sound

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

simple, appears first, child repeats some sounds e.g Babababa

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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