Child Language Acquisition (Spoken) Theories and Studies

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Skinner
Children are good mimics and copy words from their parents. Also, the idea of operant conditioning (reward and punishment) helps children learn language.
1 of 9
Chomsky
Says language isn't learnt though imitation. Claimed language is acquired through their Language Acquisition Device (LAD), part of the brain programmed for the child to learn language. Believes the feature is innate. Universal language structure.
2 of 9
Bruner
Adds to Chomsky's theory. Claimed that interaction has a very important role in CLA. Talked about CDS and how that helps acquisition. Believed children have a Language Acquisition Support System (LASS). Goes with Chomsky's LAD to help children learn
3 of 9
Piaget
Linked to cognitive development. Children first need to learn concepts before using the appropriate language. A good example- object permanence: until a certain age, children don't understand that there are still things there when they can't see them
4 of 9
Vygotsky
Socio-cultural theory. Suggested two factors which contributed to language development. Private speech= talking aloud to themselves. The ZPD= caregiver shows child to do something, child will then do it independently,
5 of 9
Aitchison
1. Labelling: making links between sounds of words and objects they refer to. 2. Packaging: understanding word's ranged meaning. 3. Network Building: grasping connections between words, and understanding some have opposite meanings.
6 of 9
Dore
Labelling, repeating, answering, requesting action, calling, greeting, protesting, and practising.
7 of 9
Bellugi
Stages of forming negative. 1. Dependence on words 'no' and 'not'. Use either singly or in front of verb etc., e.g. 'no want'. 2. Variety of method with 'don't' and 'can't'. Use either: non-existent, rejection/refusal, denial. 3. More forms acquired.
8 of 9
Halliday
1. Instrumental. 2. Regulatory. 3. Interactional. 4. Personal. 5. Heuristic. 6. Imaginative. 7. Representative.
9 of 9

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Says language isn't learnt though imitation. Claimed language is acquired through their Language Acquisition Device (LAD), part of the brain programmed for the child to learn language. Believes the feature is innate. Universal language structure.

Back

Chomsky

Card 3

Front

Adds to Chomsky's theory. Claimed that interaction has a very important role in CLA. Talked about CDS and how that helps acquisition. Believed children have a Language Acquisition Support System (LASS). Goes with Chomsky's LAD to help children learn

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Linked to cognitive development. Children first need to learn concepts before using the appropriate language. A good example- object permanence: until a certain age, children don't understand that there are still things there when they can't see them

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Socio-cultural theory. Suggested two factors which contributed to language development. Private speech= talking aloud to themselves. The ZPD= caregiver shows child to do something, child will then do it independently,

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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