Child language acquisition

HideShow resource information
Vegetative state/ Pre verbal stage
Sounds of discomfort or reflex actions (0-4months)
1 of 26
Cooing state
Basic comfort sounds, playing using open mouthed vowel sounds (4-7months)
2 of 26
Babbling state
Repeated patterns of consonant and vowel sounds (6-12months)
3 of 26
Proto words
"Scribble talk"- vocalised but not matching words e.g. "mm" for give me that (9-12months)
4 of 26
Holophrastic/ one word stage
One word utterances (12-18months)
5 of 26
Two word stage
Two word combination (18-24months)
6 of 26
Telagraphic stage
Three or more words combined (24-36months)
7 of 26
Post telegraphic
More grammatically complex sentences (36+ months)
8 of 26
Children's pronunciation- deletion
Omitting the final consonant in a word e.g. Cu(p) do(g)
9 of 26
Substituting one sound for another especially harder sounds that develope later e.g. Dip for ship
10 of 26
Consonant cluster reduction
Reducing consonant clusters to smaller units to make them easier to articulate e.g. Pider for spider
11 of 26
Changing one consonant or vowel for another already present in that word e.g. Gog for dog
12 of 26
Adding an extra vowel sound to end of word, creating a CVCV pattern e.g. Doggie
13 of 26
Repeating a whole syllable e.g. Dada, mama
14 of 26
Deletion of unstressed syllables
Omitting the opening syllable in polysyllabic words e.g. Nana for banana
15 of 26
Pamela Grunwell
Grunwell's sequence- the order in which children acquire certain sounds. Starts with sounds like p,b,n,t,m,d,w at 24months,and only at 48+ do they acquire sounds like 'th' and 's' as in treasure
16 of 26
Alan Cruttenden
Says children are less able to interpret intonation that adults- football scores
17 of 26
Katherine Nelson
Says 60% of children's first words are NOUNS, verbs formed second largest group, then describing/modifying things, and personal words at only about 8%
18 of 26
Semantic development
Working out what words mean
19 of 26
Eve Clark
Studied over extension- says children base over extension on the physical qualities of an object and features such as taste, sound, shape and size
20 of 26
Leslie Rescorla
Divided over extension into three categories:
21 of 26
Categorical over extension
Name for one member of category used for all members of the category e.g. Apple used for all round fruits
22 of 26
Analogical over extension
A word for one object is extended into a different category (usually based on physical features) e.g. Moon used to describe solar lantern
23 of 26
Mismatch statements
Words that appear quite abstract; statement about one object in relation to another e.g. Saying "duck" when looking at an empty pond
24 of 26
Adding "bits" to the end of words e.g. -ing, -ed
25 of 26
Ursuline Bellugi
Pronoun development: 1) child uses their own name e.g. Poppy run. 2) child recognises the I/me pronoun, used in different places in the sentence. 3) uses the pronoun according to wether they are the subject or object of the sentence.
26 of 26

Other cards in this set

Card 2


Basic comfort sounds, playing using open mouthed vowel sounds (4-7months)


Cooing state

Card 3


Repeated patterns of consonant and vowel sounds (6-12months)


Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4


"Scribble talk"- vocalised but not matching words e.g. "mm" for give me that (9-12months)


Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5


One word utterances (12-18months)


Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar English Language resources:

See all English Language resources »See all Child language acquisition resources »