Child Development

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What is growth?
An increase in height and weight?
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What does development mean?
The maturing of the body and an increasing ability to do things
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What does growth depend on?
The genes inherited from the parents, stimulus encouragement, health and nutrition, physical activity and exercise.
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Why does height increase?
Because the bones lengthen and become larger and harder (ossification)
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What does body fat depend on?
Characteristics, eating habits and age.
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What head control does a newborn baby have?
When the baby is picked up or lifted into a sitting position the head falls back.
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What head control does a baby of 3 months have?
The baby is beginning to control her head. There is less head lag.
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What head control does a baby of 6 months have?
The baby now has complete head control.
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Learning to sit - Newborn
When a newborn baby is held in a sitting position she appears to roll up into a ball.
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Learning to sit - 3 months
The baby still has to be supported but the back is much straighter.
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Learning to sit - 6 months
The baby is now able to sit upright but still needs support
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Learning to sit - 9 months
The baby can pull herself into a sitting position
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Learning to sit - 1 year
The baby is now able to sit upright unsupported.
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Prone position - Newborn
When a newborn baby is placed on her front she lies with the head turned to one side
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Prone position - 3 months
The baby lies with her legs straight.
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Prone position - 6 months
The baby uses straight arms to lift her head and chest off the ground
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Prone position - 9 months
The baby can now move over the floor either by pulling or pushing herself
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Prone position -1 year
The baby crawls rapidly
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Walking - 3 months
When the baby is held in a standing position, the legs are beginning to be strong enough to take to a little weight.
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Walking - 6 months
The baby can take her weight on her legs
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Walking - 9 months
The baby can pull herself into a standing position
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Walking - 1 year
The baby can walk with one hand held
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Walking - 15 months
The baby can now walk alone
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Walking - 18 months
The child can walk upstairs by holding on to the rail.
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What is a child who can write with both hands?
Ambidextrous
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Why is swimming good?
It is an excellent exercise as it develops muscles and co-ordination and improves breathing. It also gives confidence.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What does development mean?

Back

The maturing of the body and an increasing ability to do things

Card 3

Front

What does growth depend on?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why does height increase?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What does body fat depend on?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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