Chemistry reaction conditions/reagents

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Halogenation of benzene
Halogen carrier (AlCl3 or FeCl3), and rtp
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Nitration of benzene
conc. sulfuric acid catalyst, conc nitric acid, T
2 of 22
Phenol + sodium hydroxide
aqueous NaOH
3 of 22
Phenol + Sodium
Na
4 of 22
Bromination of phenols
3Br2 @ room temp
5 of 22
Oxidation of 1 alcohols --> aldehydes
[O] = acidified dichromate H+/Cr(2)O(7)^2-, distil off product immediately
6 of 22
Oxidation of 1 alcohols --> carboxylic acids
[O] = acidified dichromate H+/Cr(2)O(7)^2-, heated under reflux
7 of 22
Oxidation of 2 alcohols --> ketones
[O] = acidified dichromate H+/Cr(2)O(7)^2-, heated under reflux
8 of 22
Oxidation of aldehydes
[O] = acidified dichromate H+/Cr(2)O(7)^2-, heated under reflux
9 of 22
Reduction of aldehydes
[H] - NaBH(4)
10 of 22
Reduction of ketones
[H] - NaBH(4)
11 of 22
Brady's
Test for carbonyl group
12 of 22
Tollen's reagent
Test for aldehyde - oxidises it to CA
13 of 22
Carboxylic acid + base
aqueous base - metal hydroxide e.g. NaOH
14 of 22
Carboxylic acid + metal
effervescence
15 of 22
Preparation of esters from anhydrides
gentle heating
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Acid hydrolysis of ester
heated under reflux, dilute acid: hydrochloric or sulfuric
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Alkaline hydrolysis
reflux, aqueous alkali e.g. NaOH
18 of 22
Preparation of aliphatic amines
ethanol solvent, gently warmed halogenoalkane with excess ammonia
19 of 22
Preparation of aromatic amines
Reduction using mix of tin and conc. HCl, heated under reflux
20 of 22
Diazotisation
NaNO(2) + 2HCl produces nitrous acid in situ (HNO (2)) T
21 of 22
Coupling
under alkaline conditions + NaOH
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Nitration of benzene

Back

conc. sulfuric acid catalyst, conc nitric acid, T

Card 3

Front

Phenol + sodium hydroxide

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Phenol + Sodium

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Bromination of phenols

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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