Chemistry Definitions: F322, Module 2

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Volatility
The ease that a liquid turns into a gas. Increases as boiling point decreases
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Reflux
The continual boiling and condensing of a reaction mixture to ensure that the reaction takes place without the contents of the flask boiling dry
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Esterification
The reaction of an alcohol with a carboxylic acid to produce an acid and water
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Dehydration
An elimination reaction in which water is removed from a saturated molecule to make an unsaturated molecule
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Hydrolysis
A reaction with water or aqueous OH- ions that breaks a chemical compound into two compounds
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Nucleophilic Substitution
Type of substitution reaction in which a nucleophile is attracted to an electron-deficient centre or atom, where it donates a pair of electrons to form a new covalent bond
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Limiting Reagent
The substance in a chemical reaction that runs out first
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Molecular Ion, M+
The positive ion formed in mass spectrometry when a molecule loses an ion
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Fragmentation
The process in mass spectrometry that causes a positive ion to split into pieces, one of which is a positive fragment ion
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The continual boiling and condensing of a reaction mixture to ensure that the reaction takes place without the contents of the flask boiling dry

Back

Reflux

Card 3

Front

The reaction of an alcohol with a carboxylic acid to produce an acid and water

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

An elimination reaction in which water is removed from a saturated molecule to make an unsaturated molecule

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A reaction with water or aqueous OH- ions that breaks a chemical compound into two compounds

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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