Chemistry Definitions

Naming Organic Compounds

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  • Created by: Becky
  • Created on: 19-01-14 19:23
Organic Chemistry
The chemistry of carbon containing compounds.
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Hydrocarbon
Organic compounds that contain C and H atoms only.
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Saturated HC
A hydrocarbon with single bonds only.
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Unsaturated HC
Hydrocarbon containing at least one carbon to carbon double bond.
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Aliphatic HC
Hydrocarbon with C atoms joined together in straight or branched chains.
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Alicyclic HC
A hyrdocarbon with C atoms joined together in a ring structure.
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Functional Group
The part of the organic molecule responsible for its chemical reactions.
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Homologus Series
A series of organic compounds with the same fucntional group but with each successive member differing by CH2.
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Empirical Formula
The simpliest whole number ratio of atoms of each element in a compound.
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Molecular Formula
The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule.
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General Formula
The simpliest algebraic formula of a member of a homologus series.
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Structural Formula
The minimal detail that shows the arrangement of atoms in a molecule.
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Displayed Formula
The relative positioning of atoms and the bonds between them i.e. the structure drawn out including all bonds
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Skeletal Formula
The simplified organic formula, shown by removing H atoms from alkyl chains,leaving just a C skeleton and associated functional groups.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Organic compounds that contain C and H atoms only.

Back

Hydrocarbon

Card 3

Front

A hydrocarbon with single bonds only.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Hydrocarbon containing at least one carbon to carbon double bond.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Hydrocarbon with C atoms joined together in straight or branched chains.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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